韦晓康,熊欢.论体育民族志研究的方法论及其新趋势[J].北京体育大学学报,2018,41(9):112-119.
论体育民族志研究的方法论及其新趋势
Methodology of Sports Ethnography and Its New Trend
投稿时间:2017-11-22  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2018.09.016
中文关键词:  关键词:体育人类学  体育民族志  民族传统体育  异文化  他者  研究者  方法论
英文关键词:Keywords: sports anthropology  sports ethnography  national traditional sports  alien culture  the other  researchers  methodology
基金项目:2016年度国家体育总局哲学社会科学研究一般项目(项目编号:2338SS16075)。通信作者:熊欢。
作者单位
韦晓康 中央民族大学北京 100081 
熊欢 华南师范大学广东 广州 510006 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:以体育民族志研究的方法论为研究对象,运用文献资料法对中外体育民族志研究及其方法论的沿革进行了梳理,通过比较中外体育民族志研究方法论特征及其变化趋势,发现当前我国研究存在的问题,并提出体育民族志研究方法论的发展方向。研究表明,体育民族志是对与人类身体活动及其相关文化田野调查研究的真实记录、描述与阐释,以“异文化”研究来反思作为“民族传统体育”表现形式的“他者”与“研究者”的本体论贯通;同时需实现从“关于身体的写作”到“通过身体的研究”的转变,进而实现以身体活动为表现形式的体育文化在当今社会对人类生存与发展担当重任与发挥作用。对于实证、整体、相对的体育民族志方法的认知和理解需要更多的认识论和方法论思考,创造质性方法与定量方法的互补、人类学理论的综合运用、研究者与他者的关系等兼合的“体育民族志”研究体系,从而构成了在体育民族志方法论和研究方法方面的新形态。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: This research reviewed the sports ethnographic research development both at home and abroad. According to the comparison between Chinese and foreign sports ethnographic research methodology and the changes, this study found the current existing methodological problems and put forward the development direction of research methodology of sports ethnography. The results showed that sports ethnography is a real record, description and interpretation of the human body activity and its related culture field research. Taking "foreign culture" research as reflection, we analyzed the showing forms of "national traditional sports". At the same time, we need to change from "writing on the body" to "studying through the body", to play the important role of sports culture in the form of physical activity in human survival and development in today's society. For empirical study, relative sports cognition and understanding of the ethnography method, we need more thinking. Complementary qualitative methods and quantitative methods form the ethnography of research system, making new contribution to sports ethnographic research methods and methodology. The complementarity of qualitative method and quantitative method, the comprehensive application of anthropological theory, the relationship between researchers and others, and so on, constitute a new form of sports ethnography methodology and research methods.
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