朱晓蕾.体育旅游对民族旅游地文化变迁影响与涵化模式建立[J].北京体育大学学报,2018,41(8):139-145.
体育旅游对民族旅游地文化变迁影响与涵化模式建立
Influence of Sports Tourism on the Cultural Change of Ethnic Tourism and the Establishment of Acculturation Mode
投稿时间:2017-12-19  修订日期:2018-07-19
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2018.08.021
中文关键词:  关键词:少数民族体育  体育旅游  文化变迁  涵化模式  民族区域带  
英文关键词:Keywords: minority sports  sports tourism  cultural change  acculturation mode  ethnic regional belt
基金项目:黑龙江省社会科学研究规划项目(项目编号:14D012)。
作者单位
朱晓蕾 黑龙江大学历史文化旅游学院黑龙江 哈尔滨 150038 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:我国政府十分重视少数民族区域政治、经济、文化发展问题,为强化少数民族区域旅游扶贫,找到活化少数民族区域文化契合点,结合实地的东北区域民族村落的具体田野调研以及中外各级文献资料的查找,最终决定运用人类学中文化变迁理论分析我国少数民族区域发展路径。研究认为:体育旅游应该可以作为少数民族区域传播文化的“载体”,特别对于中国境内的“小”民族的文化传承是极具指导性与实践性作用即通过旅游业传播民族文化的可行性;同时发现它也是中国扶贫工作的良好运营形式。为少数民族区域发展提出新的涵化模式以及少数民族聚集区发展体育旅游的新构想;同时提出保护我国少数民族未来文化发展应提倡主体居民继续发扬“莫日根”精神与当地文化活化目标。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: The Chinese government attaches great importance to the regional political, economic and cultural development of ethnic minorities. In order to strengthen the regional tourism poverty alleviation of ethnic minorities, the Chinese government has found a confluence point to activate the regional culture of ethnic minorities. This study combined the field investigation on regional ethnic villages of Northeast China, analyzed the literatures at all levels both at home and abroad, and finally analyzed the national minority area development path of China by using the theory of cultural change in anthropology. The results showed that: Sports tourism should be used as the "carrier" of regional cultural transmission of minority nationalities. It has a guiding and practical role for the cultural inheritance of "small" ethnic groups in China, that is, to spread national culture through tourism; and it is also a good operation form of Chinese poverty alleviation work. This study provided a new acculturation model for the regional development of ethnic minorities and provided a new idea for the development of sports tourism in ethnic minority areas. At the same time, it was suggested that the main residents should continue to carry forward the spirit of "morrigan" and the target of local cultural activation.
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