陶勇.CBA2017-2018外援球员与国内球员犯规特征的比较与裁判员管理比赛启示[J].北京体育大学学报,2018,41(8):105-111.
CBA2017-2018外援球员与国内球员犯规特征的比较与裁判员管理比赛启示
Comparison Between CBA2017-2018 Foreign Players and Domestic Players' Foul Characteristics and Enlightenment from Referee Management Competition
投稿时间:2018-03-28  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2018.08.016
中文关键词:  关键词:CBA  外援球员  国内球员  犯规特征  裁判员
英文关键词:Keywords: CBA  foreign basketball player  domestic basketball player  foul characteristics  referee
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作者单位
陶勇 武汉理工大学体育部湖北 武汉 430070 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:目的:根据2017-2018赛季CBA外援球员与国内球员的犯规特征进行分析比较,以期找出外援球员与国内球员犯规的不同特点和规律,并根据这些规律使裁判员在临场执裁过程中针对不同球员更有针对性地运用执裁技巧,更好发挥裁判员的临场管理能力。方法:采用文献资料收集、观察、问卷调查和数理统计等多因素综合分析方法。结果:2017-2018赛季中,CBA球员场均犯规次数统计显示,外援球员的均犯规次数明显高于国内球员;各时段的犯规次数,国内球员各时段的犯规次数比较接近;而外援球员在各时段的犯规次数起伏明显,犯规主要集中在第3、4节,尤其第3节的犯规次数较多。 从犯规区域特征看,犯规区域多集中在篮下5区,外援球员和国内球员在1、3、7区的犯规次数都较低, 而且外援球员的法规次数明显低于国内球员。从犯规的性质分析,手部动作犯规频率最高,其中推、拉、打3种性质的犯规所占比例高达65%以上;此外,外援球员和国内球员阻挡犯规的比例也很高,分别为总犯规数的29.7% 和15.9%。从被犯规对象的动作特征看, 主要出现在投篮动作、突破动作和无球队员(包括掩护犯规)等环节。 结论:本项综合分析和比较研究发现,外援球员与国内球员在球场各区域、时间段和对象动作等方面出现犯规的规律和特点显著不同。 对这些差异的分析和了解有利于裁判员在临场执裁中更精准执裁,包括把注意力更多地集中在特殊时间段、对重点区域做到提前到位和重点观察、对运动员手部动作重点监控并对投篮动作、突破动作和无球犯规的判罚更严格,进而提高裁判员的判罚水平和管理能力。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: Objective: This study compared and analyzed the foul characteristics of CBA foreign players and domestic players in the 2007-2018 season in order to find out the different characteristics and rules of fouls between foreign players and domestic players, and according to these rules, hoped referees could make more targeted use of refereeing skills for different players in the process of on-the-spot refereeing, to better play the referee's on-the-spot management ability. Methods: The literature collection, observation, questionnaire survey and mathematical statistics were used in this study. Results: In the 2017-2018 CBA season, the number of fouls made by foreign players per game was significantly higher than that of domestic players. The number of fouls by domestic players in each quarter was close, while that of fouls by foreign players fluctuated obviously, the fouls mainly concentrated on the 3rd and 4th quarters, especially the number of fouls in the 3rd quarter. From the perspective of the foul area, both foreign and domestic players made more fouls within the 5 areas under basket, and less fouls in the 1, 3 and 7 areas, and foreign players made significantly less fouls than the domestic players in the 1, 3 and 7 areas. According to the nature of fouls, the most frequent fouls were hand movements, in which the proportion of push, pull and hit fouls was as high as 65%; in addition, the proportion of foreign players and domestic players blocking fouls was also high, 29.7% and 15.9% of the total fouls, respectively. From the characteristics of the offended object, the fouls mainly appeared in shooting, breakthrough and no ball players (including cover fouls). Conclusion: From this comprehensive and comparative analysis, it was found that the rules and characteristics of fouls between foreign players and domestic players were significantly different from each other in the area, time period and object action. The analysis and understanding of these differences will help referees to judge more accurately on the spot, including paying more attention to special periods of time, putting in place and observing key areas in advance, monitoring players' hand movements and making more stringent decisions on shooting, breakthrough and no-ball fouls, and then to improve the referee's level of punishment and management ability.
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