施文海.2017年全国中考体育测试全景研究[J].北京体育大学学报,2018,41(8):90-96.
2017年全国中考体育测试全景研究
An Overall Research of Chinese Physical Test for 2017 Senior High School Entrance Exam
投稿时间:2018-03-21  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2018.08.014
中文关键词:  关键词:中国  中考体育  中考体育测试  全景研究
英文关键词:Keywords: China  sports of senior high school entrance exam  physical test of senior high school entrance exam  overall research
基金项目:山西省体育局科研课题(项目批准号:13yb108)。
作者单位
施文海 太原师范学院体育系山西 榆次 030619 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:采用文献资料法、数据收集法、数理统计法 、对比分析法对2017年全国70座不同层次城市中考体育测试项目、评分标准、分值构成、政策依据等方面做对比分析,以期全面解读全国中考体育测试概貌,探寻科学、合理中考体测构架。研究结果表明:1).每一座城市中考体测政策的发布机构均为教育行政部门——体卫艺处(科);2).全国所有城市均把体育测试成绩纳入中考总成绩中,纳入分值最低20分,最高80分,占中考总分比例在5%-10%之间;3).中考体测涉及到的测试项目男生有51项,常用10项,女生有51项目,常用10项;4).各地基本参照《国家学生体质健康标准(2014年修订)》选项目、定分值;5).横向比较各城市间满分、及格标准差异非常大;6).一般选用的测试方法是必测+选测;7).有约58.57%的城市通过一次性中考体育测试给出中考体育分数,有32.85%的城市按照平时+统考相结合的方式给出学生最终中考体育成绩,8.57%的城市给出等级评价。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: By using the methods of literature review, data collection and statistics, this paper makes a contrastive analysis and a full picture on sports test items, grading standards, the composition of scores, policy basis and so on in 2017 of 70 different levels Chinese cities, tries to comprehensively interpret the national sports test profile and explore the scientific and rational frame of sports test of senior high school entrance exam. Results: 1) The issuing institution of each city's examination and measurement policy for sports test of senior high school entrance exam is the education administrative department, that is Sports Health and Art Education Division (Section); 2) all the Chinese cities take the sports test results into the total score of senior high school entrance exam, with a range from the lowest scores of 20 points and the highest of 80 points, accounting for 5% -10% of the total scores of the senior high school entrance exam; 3) there are 51 items for male students, of which 10 are commonly used items, and 51 items for females, of which 10 are commonly used items; 4) all the tests basically pick items and settle scores according to the National Students' Physical Health Standards (revised in 2014); 5) the full marks and pass standards among all the cities are differed; 6) the generally test includes compulsory test plus optional test; 7) about 58.57% cities give sports examination scores through the one-time test, 32.85% cities giving final score through a combination of at-school routine test and the sports test, and 8.57% cities give a level rating.
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