于文谦,朱焱.基于ESDA-GIS的我国城乡体育场地空间分异特征研究[J].北京体育大学学报,2018,41(8):26-32.
基于ESDA-GIS的我国城乡体育场地空间分异特征研究
Spatial Differential Features in Chinese Urban and Rural Sports Field Based on ESDA-GIS
投稿时间:2017-07-27  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2018.08.004
中文关键词:  关键词:体育场地  城镇  乡村  空间差异  探索性空间数据分析(ESDA)
英文关键词:Keywords: sports ground  urban  rural  spatial difference  ESDA
基金项目:国家社会科学基金青年项目(项目编号:17CTY017)。
作者单位
于文谦 大连理工大学高等教育研究院辽宁 大连 116024 
朱焱 大连理工大学高等教育研究院辽宁 大连 116024 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:运用探索性空间数据分析法,以《六普》数据为实证依据,对我国31个省(直辖市、自治区)的城镇、乡村体育场地分布特征及成因进行分析。研究表明:1)我国城乡体育场地发展水平差异明显,呈现显著的空间二元结构特征。2)省域全局城乡场地分布表现为,以华东地区为中心向华南、华中、华北、东北、西南与西北地区依次呈递减趋势发展。华中、华东、华南场地占比较高地区城乡场地差距相对较大,华北、东北与西北场地占比较低地区城乡场地差距相对较小,城乡场地分布未能与之匹配。3)省域局部城乡场地分布表现为,邻近省域间多以高高、低低集聚状态分布,具体呈高水平均质性、低水平均质性、凹陷非均质性、凸增非均质性等4种类型分布。省域局部体育场地分布的空间集聚性分异,城乡人均占有场地差异及地区城乡场地的非均衡配比,是导致我国城乡体育场地差异分布的主要原因。根据城乡体育场地分布特征提出,完善公共体育服务体系,加强城乡场地建设,统筹城乡协调发展,减小城乡场地差距,明确城乡场地规划,促进场地均衡发展等策略,为“十三五”时期促进城乡体育均衡发展提供实践参考。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: Using the data in the "sixth national sports field survey" with the method of exploratory spatial data analysis, the study analyzed the distribution characteristics of sports sites in towns and villages in 31 provinces (municipalities and autonomous regions). The results showed that: 1) The development level of sports field in urban and rural areas in China was obviously different, showing significant spatial two element structure characteristics. 2) The distribution of sports field in town and country areas centered on East China, and showed the trend of decreasing trend in eastern China to Southern China, Central China, North China, the Northeast, the Southwest and the Northwest. Sports field in a higher proportion of Central China, East China, and Southern China indicated a relatively large gap between urban and rural regions. Instead, North China, the Northeast and Northwest Territory with lower proportion of sports field showed a quite small gap, and the distribution of sports field cannot match it well. 3) The distribution of sports field of urban and rural in most neighboring provinces was high-high, low-low concentration states; it could be divided into four types, such as high level homogeneity, low level homogeneity, sag heterogeneity and increase heterogeneity. The spatial agglomeration of local sports field in the province was different. The differences in the per capita per capita land and the uneven proportion of the urban and rural areas are the main reasons for the distribution of the sports field in urban and rural areas in China. According to the distribution characteristics of sports field in urban and rural areas in China, this study proposed to improve the public sports service system, strengthen the construction of urban and rural areas, coordinate the coordinated development of urban and rural areas, reduce the gap between urban and rural areas, clear the planning of urban and rural areas, and promote the balanced development of the site, so as to promote the balanced development of urban and rural sports in the "13th Five-Year" period.
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