李源,梁勤超,姜南.“打”与“不打”:武术形象的二元认知[J].北京体育大学学报,2018,41(7):126-132.
“打”与“不打”:武术形象的二元认知
"Fight" and "Not Fight": The Binary Cognition of Wushu Image
投稿时间:2016-10-08  修订日期:2018-04-10
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2018.07.017
中文关键词:  关键词:中国武术    不打  武术形象  二元认知  艺术花  拳理  拳法  拳势
英文关键词:Keywords: Chinese Wushu  fight  not fight  Wushu image  binary cognitive  boxing theory  boxing method  and boxing situation
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(批准号:15BTY093);国家留学基金资助公派博士后项目(项目编号:201708515016)。通信作者:梁勤超。
作者单位
李源 山东大学体育学院山东 济南 250100 
梁勤超 成都师范学院成都 四川 611130 
姜南 山东科技大学体育学院山东 青岛 266590 
摘要点击次数: 578
全文下载次数: 174
中文摘要:
      摘要:运用文献资料法和专家访谈法,结合文化学和形象学的相关理论,对中国武术“打”与“不打”的二元认知形象进行了研究,意在澄清对中国武术能打形象的习惯性认知偏见,还原中国武术形象的本原。研究认为:对于武术形象的认知,“打”是民众对武术的习惯性认知,“能打”是武术的原初形象。然而武术外显的“打”并不是“为打而打”,而是“为不打而打”。武术的“打”是一种技击技术,“不打”是一种技艺境界。从“打”到“不打”,体现了武术从务实到务虚、从野蛮到文明的发展转变,同时也是武术艺术化追求所在。“不打”以“打”为原点,通过能“打”的假想和预设,塑造了拳理、拳法、拳势三位一体攻防技击表意的武术形象。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: This study analyzed the binary cognition image of "fighting" and "not fighting" of Chinese Wushu by combining with the theories of culture and image, aimed at clarifying the habitual cognitive bias of “Can fight” image of Chinese Wushu and restoring the original image of Chinese Wushu. The methods of literature review and experts interview were used in this study. Conclusions: About the cognitive image of Wushu, "fight" is the public perception of the Wushu habitual cognition, "Can fight" is the original image of the Wushu. However, explicit Wushu "fight" is “for not fight rather than fight”, Wushu "fight" is a skill, "not fight" is a state. From "fight" to "no fight", it reflects the transformation of Wushu from pragmatism to retreat, from barbarism to civilization, and at the same time, it is also the pursuit of artistic pursuit of Wushu. “Not fight” takes “fight” as the origin, creates the trinity Wushu image of attack and defense with boxing theory, boxing method and boxing situation, through the imaginary and presupposition of “can fight”.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器