常娟.我国退役运动员角色转换的影响因素研究[J].北京体育大学学报,2018,41(7):49-55.
我国退役运动员角色转换的影响因素研究
Influencing Factors of Role-Transformation of Chinese Retired Athletes
投稿时间:2016-03-04  修订日期:2018-05-20
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2018.07.007
中文关键词:  关键词:退役运动员  角色转换  继续社会化  角色交流  社会交往  职业培训
英文关键词:Keywords: retired athletes  role reversal  continuing socialization  role communication  social interaction  vocational training
基金项目:湖南师范大学博士课题基金(体130664)。
作者单位
常娟 湖南师范大学体育学院湖南 长沙 410012 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:我国每年都有大量专业运动员退役,他们需要改变其角色行为模式以适应社会生活环境的变化和职业角色更新的要求。主要采用文献资料法、问卷调查法、访谈法、观察法、统计分析法的方法,运用社会化理论和角色理论,对退役运动员进行问卷调查,并结合我国的体育制度研究我国专业运动员的职业生涯中角色转换问题。研究表明:运动成绩、运动等级、工作关系、社会交往、家庭支持与其职业转换有显著的相关关系,其中工作关系和社会交往的影响最大。运动成绩与退役运动员职业角色转换呈负相关性;组织分配的职业转换程度明显高于自主择业的职业转换程度。通过研究结论,认为退役运动员角色转换的途径包括:培训是基本途径;角色交流是重要途径;实践是根本途径。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: A large number of professional athletes retire every year in China, and they need to change their role behavior patterns to adapt to the changes in the social environment and the update requirements of professional roles. Using the socialized theory and role theory, this study investigated the retired athletes through questionnaire, and analyzed the role-transformation of them by combining with the sports system in China. Conclusions: Sports performance, sports grade, work relationship, social interaction and family support were related to career transformation, of which work relationship and social interaction had higher correlation with career transformation. There was a negative correlation between sports performance and career role conversion of retired athletes; the degree of career transformation was significantly higher than that of self employment. The ways to transform the role of retired athletes included that training was the basic way; role communication was an important way; practice was the fundamental way.
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