高留红.团体操表演功能:仪式、文化与艺术[J].北京体育大学学报,2018,41(7):43-48+63.
团体操表演功能:仪式、文化与艺术
Functions of Group Calisthenics Performance: Ritual, Culture and Art
投稿时间:2017-07-12  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2018.07.006
中文关键词:  关键词:团体操  艺术功能  仪式表演  文化符号  民族命运密码
英文关键词:Keywords: group gymnastics  artistic function  ritual performance  cultural symbols  national destiny codes.
基金项目:
作者单位
高留红 北京体育大学教育学院北京 100084 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:团体操表演功能的研究,对明确团体操艺术发展的方向具有基石性的作用,亦是为体育院校原创新学科提供理论依据的一项基础性研究。研究采用文献资料以及44部国家级团体操视频资料统计法,运用文化人类学、象征学、语言学等工具,以团体操起源、表演形式与各种仪式的交汇、手段要素为线索探讨团体操表演功能。得出:团体操起源于斯拉夫民族国家,因团体操宏大精美的表演形式受到斯拉夫国家政府的高度重视,并大力推广。这种宏大精美的表演形式被奥运会开幕式、国家纪念日以及国家级会议的开幕式或晚宴所运用,而成为世界范围内的仪式表演。团体操表演是通过对手段要素的选择、重组,形成特定图案,这一特定图案用于彰显人性中的正能量,即对生命的礼赞。礼赞的对象,称为团体操文化、艺术功能。团体操的文化、艺术功能是,完成民族文化符号的展示、完成民族命运密码的展示和完成主题的展示。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: The study of the artistic function of the group calisthenics performance has a cornerstone effect on the direction of the development of the group calisthenics art, and is also a basic study to provide theory reference for the construction of the discipline construction of the sports colleges, especially for the construction of the specialty of arts department in sports colleges. The methods of logic analysis, literature review and 42 national group calisthenics video data analysis were used in this study. The artistic function of group calisthenics was discussed based on the origin, form of performance and the intercourse of various ceremonies, means and elements. Conclusions: Group calisthenics originated in the Slavic nation, and was highly valued by the Slavic national government because of its magnificent and elegant form of performance. This grand and elegant performance is used by the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games, the national anniversary and the opening ceremony or dinner of various national conferences, and is a ritual performance in the world. The group gymnastic performance is a specific pattern by selecting and reorganizing the elements of the means. This particular pattern is used to highlight the positive energy in human nature, that is, the praise of life. The object of the praise is called the artistic function of the group calisthenics. The artistic function of group calisthenics is to complete the display of national cultural symbols, complete the display of national destiny codes and display the theme. The study of artistic function of group calisthenics can provide an operable theoretical basis for the development and discipline construction of art departments in sports colleges.
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