董传升,汪毅,郑松波.体育融入大健康:健康中国治理的“双轨并行”战略模式[J].北京体育大学学报,2018,41(2):7-16.
体育融入大健康:健康中国治理的“双轨并行”战略模式
Integration of Sports and Comprehensive Health: A "Double-Track Parallel" Strategic Model for Healthy Chinese Governance
投稿时间:2017-12-21  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2018.02.002
中文关键词:  关键词:健康中国  大健康  体育  卫生  全民健身  全民健康  双轨并行战略  战略模式
英文关键词:Keywords: health China  comprehensive health  sport  health  national fitness  national health  double-track parallel strategy  strategy model
基金项目:基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目);辽宁省高校创新团队支持计划(WT2014009);辽宁省人社厅百千万人才工程项目(201492104);沈阳市科技局项目(F16-194-5-00).
作者单位
董传升 沈阳体育学院体育社会科学研究中心,辽宁 沈阳 110102 
汪毅 北京体育大学北京 100084 
郑松波 江西师范大学体育学院江西 南昌 330022 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:由生活方式转变造成的慢病人口和不健康人口不断增多的事实正在全面威胁着我国健康安全战略。研究发现,过分倚重医疗体系和缺少基于健康行为的治理体系造成了我国大健康治理战略模式的失衡,使得传统医疗保障体系已经无法有效应对新形势下慢病人群规模不断扩大等公共健康治理危机。必须创新健康治理理念,重构我国大健康治理战略模式,从大体育观视角出发,破除将体育“拉回”到医院的体医结合模式的束缚,明确全民健身国家健康战略定位,将体育上升到国家健康安全战略高度,充分发挥体育在健康治理领域的基础性战略作用,形成体育健康全覆盖战略,按照“大体育+大卫生”的战略构想,构建健康主动养护型的体育健康+健康被动防治型的医学健康的“双轨并行”战略模式,全面推进体育引领下的行为健康治理体系,建立体育健康与医学健康战略合作通道和政策协同机制,从个体、群体、组织和社会和文化实现大健康治理目标。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: The fact that the population of the chronic disease and the unhealthy has been greatly increasing due to the change of the life styles has adversely affected China’s health security strategy. Researches show that too much reliance on health care system and lack of health behavior based governance system have resulted in the imbalance of China's comprehensive health governance strategy, which makes traditional medical insurance system unable to effectively cope with the public health crisis under the new situation, such as the expansion of chronic disease population. Thus, it is necessary to innovate the health governance concept, rebuild China’s comprehensive health governance strategic model, break the pattern of taking sports as one part of the treatment in hospitals with the view of comprehensive sport, clarify the positioning of China’s health strategy of national fitness, emphasize the role of sport in the national health security strategy, make full use of sport as the basic part in the health governance areas, and form the strategy of the full-involvement of sport in public health. Based on the concept of “comprehensive Sport and comprehensive Health”, it is better to build the “double-track parallel” strategic model of the active health care through sports and the passive prevention through medical care, fully promote the behavioral health governance system led by sports, provide the access to the cooperation of sports and medical health and establish the mechanism of policy coordination, so as to achieve the goal of the comprehensive health with the overall efforts of individuals, groups, organizations, the society and culture.
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