郭仁红,葛春林,郝霖霖,于作军,等.奥运会高水平女子排球比赛攻防能力等级评价研究[J].北京体育大学学报,2018,41(1):109-116.
奥运会高水平女子排球比赛攻防能力等级评价研究
Grade Evaluation of the Offensive and Defensive Ability of High Level Women's Volleyball Match in Olympic Games
投稿时间:2017-09-11  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2018.01.016
中文关键词:  关键词:里约奥运会  女排  等级评价  攻防特征  WRSR评价法
英文关键词:Keywords: Rio Olympics  women's volleyball team  grade evaluation  offensive and defensive characteristics  WRSR evaluation
基金项目:
作者单位
郭仁红 北京体育大学教育学院北京100084吉林体育学院吉林长春130022 
葛春林 北京体育大学教育学院北京100084 
郝霖霖 上海复旦大学体育教学部上海200433. 
于作军 北京体育大学教育学院北京100084 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:采用文献资料、专家访谈、技术统计等研究方法,以2016年里约奥运会女排12支球队作为调查对象,对所有参赛队伍攻防技术进行等级评价与分析。结果表明:进攻方面,塞尔维亚、美国、荷兰、巴西、中国进攻能力表现最突出,WRSR值最高,处于B级水平;防守方面,美国队防守最为出色,与塞维尔亚、荷兰和中国处于B级水平;巴西防守不及其他强队,处于C级水平;塞尔维亚攻防WRSR值最高。各队进攻WRSR值、防守WRSR值、攻防WRSR值与最终排名均呈显著相关,具有统计意义。里约奥运会女排共分为5档,中国、塞尔维亚、荷兰和美国攻防上均处于第1档水平,代表当今世界女排的最高水准。里约奥运会高水平女子排球队攻防技战术的共同特征表现为:扣球进攻点多变,路线多样化;发球攻击性强;拦网意识高,取位准确;二传到位率高,传球形式灵活多变;强队攻守兼备,注重团队协同作战等是新时期排坛高水平球队的技战术特征。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: This study evaluated and analyzed the grade of offensive and defensive ability of 12 women’s volleyball teams in Rio Olympic Games by the methods of literature review, expert interview and technology statistics. Results: On the offensive side, teams of Serbia, USA, the Netherlands, Brazil and China had the most outstanding offensive capabilities, their WRSR was high and they were at B level. On the defensive side, team of USA had the best defense, and teams of Seville, Holland, China and USA were at B level. Team of Brazil was less defensive than other teams, was at C level; the WRSR of Serbia was the highest one. The offensive WRSR value, defensive WRSR value, and offensive and defensive WRSR value were significantly related to the final ranking. The Rio Olympic women’s volleyball team is divided into 5 levels, and teams of China, Serbia, Holland and USA are all at the first level, representing the highest level in the world. The common features of offensive and defensive tactics of high level women's volleyball teams in the Rio Olympics were as follows. The attacking point of the smash was changeable and the route was diversified; the service was very aggressive; block awareness was high and location was accurate; toss was high successful rate and the pass form was flexible; strong team was good at offence and defense, and focused on collaborative combat.
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