李屹松.澳大利亚政府购买体育培训服务的经验与启示[J].北京体育大学学报,2018,41(1):34-42.
澳大利亚政府购买体育培训服务的经验与启示
Inspiration from Australian Government Purchasing Sports Training Services
投稿时间:2016-12-15  修订日期:2017-06-20
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2018.01.005
中文关键词:  关键词:公共体育服务  澳大利亚  政府购买  体育培训  市场机制  需求导向
英文关键词:Keywords: public sports service  Australia  government purchase  sports training  market mechanism  demand oriented
基金项目:基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(项目编号:13BTY012);中央高校基本科研业务费资助项目(项目编号:2016YB004)。
作者单位
李屹松 北京体育大学北京 100084 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:政府购买公共体育服务是改变政府职能、提高政府工作效率的重要手段。对政府购买公共体育服务的制度安排进行研究,有助于政府部门发现并正视政府购买公共体育服务现有的制度障碍和现实困境,并从理论上和实践上寻找解决问题的思路和方法,从而推动政府购买公共体育服务的制度建设和体系建设。澳大利亚在政府购买公共体育服务方面起步较早,借鉴澳大利亚在此方面的经验有利于理顺我国政府购买公共体育服务的基本体系和制度,减少试错成本。主要运用文献资料法、个案分析法、比较研究法等方法,对澳大利亚维多利亚州政府购买体育培训服务的政策安排、组织体系、流程路径、购买内容等进行了深入分析,在此基础上归纳出维多利亚州政府购买公共体育服务的特点,并提出了对我国政府改革背景下推进政府购买公共体育服务发展的几点建议。认为政府购买公共体育服务作为体育部门改变政府职能的重要制度安排,应该通过建立以需求为导向的购买体系,在供给市场上统一准入标准、构建市场机制,同时健全法律政策体系和监管体系等手段来提高公共体育服务的质量,提高政府资金的利用率,构建繁荣的公共体育服务供给市场,满足人民群众的公共体育服务需求。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: The government purchase of public sports service is an important means to change government functions and improve the efficiency of government work. To study government purchase system of public sports service is useful to help government find the existed barriers and difficulties and find out solutions from theories and practices, so as to promote the construction of the government purchase system of public sports service. Australia is one of the earliest countries to conduct government purchase of public sports service, and Australia's experience in this regard is conducive to establish our government purchase system of public sports service system and reduce the cost of error. This study deeply analyzes the policy arrangement, organization system, process path and purchase content of Vitoria state government’s purchase of sports training services by the methods of literature review, case study and comparative study, summarizes the characteristics, and provides some suggestions to promote the development of government purchasing public sports services under the background of reform of Chinese government. Study shows that government purchasing public sports services is an important part to change government functions; we should establish a demand-oriented purchase system, set market access standards and unified construction of market mechanism, perfect the legal and policy system and supervision system and other means to improve the quality of public sports service, improve the utilization rate of government funds, and build a prosperous public sports service supply market to meet the needs of the masses of the public sports service.
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