黄莉.体育强国的理论框架与顶层设计——从“十九大”报告中的国家大战略思考体育发展战略[J].北京体育大学学报,2018,41(1):9-16.
体育强国的理论框架与顶层设计——从“十九大”报告中的国家大战略思考体育发展战略
Theory Framework and Top Level Design of a Sports Power: Thinking of Sports Development Strategy from the National Big Strategy in Report on the 19th National Congress of CPC
投稿时间:2017-11-30  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2018.01.002
中文关键词:  关键词:体育强国  体育综合实力  理论框架  顶层设计  战略设计  发展方式  国家大战略  “十九大”报告
英文关键词:Keywords: sports power  comprehensive strength of sports  theory framework  top level design  strategic design  way of development  national strategies  the report on the 19th National Congress of CPC
基金项目:基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(项目编号:12BTY003)。
作者单位
黄莉 武汉体育学院湖北 武汉 430079 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:运用文献资料调研和比较法,探讨体育强国的理论框架,从战略目标、战略途径与战略手段上,尝试进行体育强国的顶层设计。“十九大”报告描述了国家大战略,为中国体育未来发展明确了战略位置。加快建设体育强国,要求运用战略思维,转变体育发展方式,实现体育发展战略从重点发展到全面发展、从抓住机遇到创造机遇、从被动适应到主动塑造环境的战略转型。本文从体育综合实力的5个实力要素出发,构建了体育强国的理论框架。“体育强国”战略是体育界最高层次的战略,是体育战略的总目标,它统筹着全民健身战略、“奥运争光”战略、体育产业战略、体育科教战略、体育文化战略这5个子战略。体育强国的整个战略设计,是一个根据形势发展变化,需要不断进行调整、优化,以确保动态平衡的过程。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: By using the method of literature review and comparison, this paper discussed the theoretical framework of sports power, and tried to design top-level sports power from strategic objectives, strategic approaches and strategic means. The report on the 19th National Congress of CPC described the national strategies and cleared the strategic position for the future development of China's sports. To speed up the construction of a sports power, we need to apply strategic thinking and transform the way of sports development, so as to realize the strategic transformation of sports development strategy from key to all-round development, from grasping opportunities to creating opportunities, from passive adaptation to active shaping of environment. This study constructed the theoretical framework of a sports power from five factors of sports comprehensive strength. The strategy of "sports power" is the highest level strategy of sports industry, and it is the general goal of sports strategy. It coordinates the national fitness strategy, the strategy of winning the Olympic Games, the sports industry strategy, the sports science and education strategy and the sports culture strategy. The whole strategic design of a sports power is a process that needs to be constantly adjusted and optimized to ensure dynamic balance according to the development of the situation.
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