袁晓毅,武文雪,王铭演,王岩,周梦飞,等.中国国家雪车队赛季训练安排研究[J].北京体育大学学报,2017,40(12):107-114.
中国国家雪车队赛季训练安排研究
Seasonal Training Arrangement of Chinese Bobsleigh Team
投稿时间:2017-07-03  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2017.12.018
中文关键词:  关键词:雪车  中国国家雪车队  训练安排
英文关键词:Keywords: Bobsleigh  Chinese Bobsleigh Team  training arrangement
基金项目:基金项目:国家体育总局运动训练重点实验室研究项目;国家体育总局重点课题(2016SYS010)。通信作者:武文雪。
作者单位
袁晓毅 北京体育大学北京 100084 
武文雪 北京体育大学北京 100084 
王铭演 北京体育大学北京 100084 
王岩 北京体育大学北京 100084 
周梦飞 北京体育大学北京 100084 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:雪车是冬季奥林匹克运动会正式比赛项目,也是中国备战2022年冬奥会重点项目。训练安排是科学训练的关键。本研究以带领中国国家雪车队参赛训练的经历,运用文献资料法、专家访谈法、测试法等研究方法对现有科研成果归纳分析,填补我国对该项目理论研究的空白。结论:1)中国国家雪车队赛季训练计划内容、方法手段、负荷控制基本与世界高水平队伍一致;但队伍运行管理水平差距较大。2)训练方法以高强度间歇训练为主,重复法、模拟训练法为辅。训练手段以滑行训练为主,有6大类,30余种。3)训练负荷安排重视运动员的个体差异。从神经疲劳和机体疲劳两方面,考虑滑行训练、推车训练、身体训练3部分训练负荷的叠加效应。训练负荷的控制主要依靠运动学测试评价、运动员的反馈、教练员经验。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: Bobsleigh is a formal Winter Olympic event and is a key project for China to prepare for the 2022 Winter Olympic Games. Training arrangement is the key to scientific training. Based on the management experience on Chinese national team, this study analyzed the current research achievements by the methods of literature review, expert interview and test, hoped to fill the gap in theoretical research of this sport in China. Conclusions: 1) The content, method and load control of season training of China Bobsleigh team are basically consistent with those of the world's high-level teams, but the operation management level of the team is relatively low. 2)method and the simulated training method are supplemented. Training is based on skidding, including 6 categories and more than 30 kinds. 3) Training load arrangements attach importance to individual differences in athletes, consider superimposed effect of sliding training, pushing bobsleigh training and body training from nerve fatigue and body fatigue. The control of training load is adjusted by kinesiology test and evaluation, feedback from athletes, as well as experience of coaches.
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