王家忠.“文武兼修”教育思想的史学研究[J].北京体育大学学报,2017,40(12):90-94.
“文武兼修”教育思想的史学研究
Historical Study on “Both Civil and Military Learning” Educational Thought
投稿时间:2016-11-14  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2017.12.015
中文关键词:  关键词:文武兼修  教育思想  武士教育  六艺  武举制度  尚武精神
英文关键词:Keywords: both civil and military learning  educational thinking  samurai education  six arts  martial system  martial spirit
基金项目:基金项目:安徽省高校人文社科基金重点项目(SK2016A0397)。
作者单位
王家忠 安徽师范大学体育学院安徽 芜湖 241002 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:教育的根本目的是培养德智体全面协调健康发展的高素质人才。然而,当代我国教育出现了学校教育制度的应试化、教育体制的权利化、社会教育的商业化,以及家庭教育的以自我为中心化、过度溺爱化等现象,说明我国现阶段的教育出现了问题。为了提高我国的教育实效,以“文武兼修”教育思想为研究对象,运用文献资料法、访谈法、案例法等研究方法,对“文武兼修”教育思想的起源、传承及现实意义进行了史学梳理,阐述了“文武兼修”教育思想的时代特征,论证了“重文轻武”或“重武轻文”思想的危害,阐释了“文武兼修”对当代教育实践有着重要的指导作用。研究表明:“文武兼修”的教育思想始终贯穿于中国各历史朝代,提倡“文武兼修”目的在于加强文化科学知识学习的同时还需进行体育锻炼,以强身健体和砥砺精神,两者相互促进。“文武兼修”的教育思想对现代社会培养身心健康的杰出人才有重要的教育价值和意义。中国教育需要加强“文武兼修”的教育实践,只有智育和体育的共同发展,才能顺利实现体育强国目标和健康中国战略,根本改变因片面教育而产生的不良后果。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: The basic purpose of education is to cultivate high-quality talents with all-round development. The examination oriented school education system, the rights of education system, the commercialization of social education, and the self centered and overindulgence of family education show up in China’s education, which suggested that the current education of China has some problems. The purpose of this study is to improve the effect of our education. Study combs the origin, inheritance and realistic meaning of “both civil and military learning” educational thought, explains its temper of times, points out the harm of part cultivation, and explains the guidance effect of “both civil and military learning” educational thought on current education. Conclusions: The “both civil and military learning” educational thought is throughout the historical dynasties in China, and aims to keep fit and temper the spirit by strengthening the learning of cultural and scientific knowledge and carrying out physical exercise. This educational thought is of great value and significance to the training of outstanding talents with physical and mental health in modern society. China education needs to strengthen educational practice in “both civil and military learning”; only by the joint development of intellectual education and sports can we successfully achieve the goal of "sports power" and healthy China strategy, and fundamentally change the adverse consequences resulting from one-sided education.
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