杨雅晰,刘昕,丁明露.反思与审视:建国以来体育学业评价之历史沿革[J].北京体育大学学报,2017,40(12):72-77+94.
反思与审视:建国以来体育学业评价之历史沿革
Reflection and Examination: Historical Evolution of Academic Evaluation of Physical Education Since the Founding of the People's Republic of China
投稿时间:2017-02-25  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2017.12.012
中文关键词:  关键词:学业评价  体育课程  学习评价  体育中考  价值取向  学生体质  应试教育
英文关键词:Keywords: academic evaluation  physical education curriculum  learning evaluation  senior high school entrance examination of sports  value orientation  student physical fitness  examination oriented education
基金项目:基金项目:北京体育大学自主科研课题(编号:2015YB026)。通信作者:刘昕。
作者单位
杨雅晰 北京体育大学北京 100084 
刘昕 北京体育大学北京 100084 
丁明露 国家体育总局排球运动管理中心北京 100763 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:21世纪以来,我国体育学业评价改革日益深化,随之而来的是新的问题、新的反思。值此之际,梳理我国体育学业评价机制形成的历史脉络,审视我国体育学业评价的历史进程则十分必要。对建国以来体育学业评价进行梳理,利用专家访谈法、文献资料法对体育学业评价的历史变化进行解析。主要结论:体育学业评价特征经历了以“技术、技能主导”的萌芽期、停滞期、以“身体素质主导”的恢复与重建期、以“评价内容多元主导”的探索期和以“发展性评价主导”的深化期五个阶段。体育学业评价受社会需求及教育现实影响;折射出体育课程价值观的转型;对学生体质的干预导向作用得以强化;引发体育升学考试机制与体育“应试教育”以及“掌握运动技能”与“发展身体素质”的反思。未来体育学业评价重在引导学生形成终身体育理念,形成体育锻炼习惯。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: Since 21st Century, the reform of academic evaluation of physical education in China has been deepened, and the new problems and new reflections are followed. This paper reviewed the historical changes of academic evaluation of physical education since the founding of the People's Republic of China by the methods of expert interview and literature review. Conclusions: The academic evaluation of physical education has gone through five periods, including sprouting and stagnation periods based on "technology and skill", the recovery and reconstruction period dominated by physical quality, the exploration period of "multiple leading contents of evaluation" and the deepening period of "developmental evaluation leading". It is influenced by social needs and educational reality, reflects the transformation of the values of physical education curriculum, and its intervention and guidance function on students' physique are strengthened; it leads to a reflection on the mechanism of physical education entrance examination and sports examination oriented education, as well as the mastery of motor skills and the development of physical quality. In the future, the academic evaluation of physical education is to guide students to form the concept of lifelong physical education and form the habit of physical exercise.
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