周正宏,王智慧.中国武术文化主观影响力水平的实证研究——基于不同区域群体的个案调查[J].北京体育大学学报,2017,40(9):130-139.
中国武术文化主观影响力水平的实证研究——基于不同区域群体的个案调查
Influence Level of Chinese Martial Art Culture: Case Study on Different Regions
投稿时间:2017-05-22  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2017.09.020
中文关键词:  关键词:武术文化  文化传承  文化传播  文化发展  主观影响力  指标评价  测量体系  实证测量
英文关键词:Keywords: martial art culture  cultural inheritance  cultural dissemination  cultural development  subjective influence  index evaluation  measurement system  empirical measurement
基金项目:基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(项目编号:13BTY016)。通信作者:王智慧
作者单位
周正宏 西南财经大学体育学院四川 成都 610074 
王智慧 中国人民大学体育部北京 100875 
摘要点击次数: 2549
全文下载次数: 338
中文摘要:
      摘要:为探究武术文化影响力水平,基于物质、行为和精神等文化结构层面制定测量指标体系,实证测量了中国武术文化影响力水平,并量化了武术文化影响力指数的区域分布差异及其解释机制。研究发现:中国武术文化影响力的总体水平不高,武术文化影响力指数为7,武术文化影响力在国内处于三级水平(中等水平),中国武术文化在来华留学生群体中的影响力指数为3,处于六级水平(较低水平);武术文化影响力水平呈现一定的差异性特征;影视作品和武侠小说是民众了解武术的主要途径,民众很少关注武术竞赛活动,绝大多数民众有过对武术明星崇拜经历;“强身健体”,“防身自卫”和“个人爱好”是民众习武的最主要目的,影视作品影响和自身需求是民众学习武术最初的想法;武打明星和公众人物是民众心目中认知程度最高的与武术有关人物;从总体上来看民众对武者的价值印象趋向于正面的评价;有相当一部分被调查者表示喜欢中国武术但是不愿意参与武术习练,民众对武术的关注与身体实践之间存在巨大鸿沟。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: In this study, we have developed the measurement indicator system based on the cultural structures at physical, behavioral and spiritual structural levels of culture, empirically measured the influence level of Chinese martial art culture, quantified the difference in regional distribution, and interpreted its mechanism, in order to explore the influence level of martial art culture. In the study, we found that the overall influence level of Chinese martial art culture is not high, and the influence indicator of martial art culture is 7. The influence of martial art culture in China is at the level of Grade 3 (middle level), and the influence indicator of Chinese martial art culture in foreign students in China is 3, which is in the level of Grade 6 (lower level). The influence level of martial art culture shows some different characteristics. Movies, TV shows and martial art novels are main approaches for people to learn about martial arts, people pay little attention to martial art competitions, and the vast majority of people have ever worshipped some martial art stars. “Improving health and?physical fitness”, “self-defense” and “personal interests” are the main purposes for people to practice martial arts, and the influence of movies and TV shows and their own needs are the primary driving force for people to practice martial arts. Martial art stars and celebrities are figures related to martial arts that have the highest level of cognition?in the public. In general, the public’s impression of people who practice martial arts tends to be positive. A considerable part of the respondents say they like Chinese martial arts but do not want to practice, so there is a huge gap between the public’s attention to martial arts and their physical practices.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器