林天孩,王小娟,丁炳泉,陈玉玲,等.我国公共体育服务的健康效益评价模型建构与应用[J].北京体育大学学报,2017,40(9):29-35.
我国公共体育服务的健康效益评价模型建构与应用
Construction and Application of Evaluation Model of Health Benefits of Public Sports Service in China
投稿时间:2016-06-09  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2017.09.005
中文关键词:  关键词:公共体育服务  健康中国  供给效用  健康效益  评价模型
英文关键词:Keywords: public sports service  healthy China  supply effectiveness  health benefit  evaluation model
基金项目:基金项目:国家社会科学青年基金项目(项目编号:13CTY026)。通信作者:王小娟。
作者单位
林天孩 浙江科技学院浙江 杭州 310023 
王小娟 浙江工业大学浙江 杭州 310014 
丁炳泉 浙江科技学院浙江 杭州 310023 
陈玉玲 丽水学院浙江 丽水 323000) 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:为了促进公共体育服务有效助力于“健康中国”建设,以公共体育服务消费群体为调查对象,利用文献资料分析、实地考察与访谈等方法建构了“公共体育需求-公共体育供给效用-健康效益产出”评价模型的路径与结构秩序,并结合实证研究运用问卷调查和数理统计等方法对路径与结构秩序作进一步验证与分析。验证结果表明:1)公共体育需求:居民对公共体育服务的需求和健康效益呈强相关关系,即需求程度越大获得健康效益的结果也越为显著。2)供给与消费:由于供给效用过低与居民的公共体育消费未达到健康促进的水平导致了公共体育服务的供给效用和健康效益呈弱相关。3)健康效益的评价模型:公共体育服务需求作为联结公共体育服务供给效用和公共体育服务健康效益的核心环节,其结构方程模型配适度不佳。对策建议:将大众居民的需求表达作为重要考虑因素纳入到公共体育服务资源配置的决策过程中,以避免制定出偏离需求的决策以致造成供给资源的浪费;进一步刺激和鼓励体育指导员、大众居民和非政府机构参与到公共体育服务管理中,从而形成上下联动机制优化资源配置提升供给效用;进一步刺激公共体育服务需求以提升公共体育服务的健康效益。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: In order to promote the help of public sports services on healthy China, this study investigated consumers of public sports service, and developed the path and structure of evaluation model of “public demand for sports - public sports supply effectiveness - health benefits output” by the methods of literature review, field investigation and interview, and tested the path and structure by the methods of questionnaire investigation and mathematic statistics. Conclusions: 1) Residents’ demand for public sports services and health benefits are strongly related, that is, the greater the degree of demand, the more obvious the results of health benefits are. 2) The supply effectiveness is too low and the public sports consumption of residents dose not reach the level of health promotion, which leads to a weak correlation between supply effectiveness and health benefits of pubic sports services. 3) As the core link of supply effectiveness and health benefit of public sports service, the public sports service demand’s structural equation model is not suitable. Countermeasures and suggestions: Take public demands expression as an important factor into the decision-making process of resource allocation of public sports service, in order to avoid making decisions out of demand, resulting in waste of supply resources; further stimulate and encourage sports instructors, public residents and non-governmental organizations to participate in the management of public sports services, thus forming a linkage mechanism between top and bottom, optimizing the allocation of resources and enhancing supply effectiveness; further stimulate the demand for public sports services to enhance the health benefits of public sports services.
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