向祖兵,李骁天,汪流.社区—社会体育组织—社会体育指导员联动运行机制研究[J].北京体育大学学报,2017,40(9):23-28.
社区—社会体育组织—社会体育指导员联动运行机制研究
Linkage Mechanism of "Community - Social Sports Organization - Social Sports Instructor"
投稿时间:2016-07-21  修订日期:2016-12-08
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2017.09.004
中文关键词:  关键词:社区体育  社会体育组织  社会体育指导员  嵌入性理论  实体化改革  职业化
英文关键词:Keywords: community sports  social sports organization  social sports instructor  embeddedness theory  substantial reform  professionalism
基金项目:基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目“社区市民团体及其体育志研究”(项目编号:12CTY011)。通信作者:汪流。
作者单位
向祖兵 重庆大学体育学院重庆 400044 
李骁天 首都体育学院休闲与社会体育学院北京 100191 
汪流 首都体育学院休闲与社会体育学院北京 100191 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:主要采用文献资料法,以社会嵌入理论为视角,探析“社区—社会体育组织—社会体育指导员”联动运行机制及其实施过程中急需解决的核心问题和实施策略。研究提出:社区体育组织形式有效地吻合了全人群和全生命周期为立足点的全民健身要求;“社区—社会体育组织—社会体育指导员”联动运行必须以“社区嵌入社会”和“社会体育指导员嵌入社会”为理念,以社会体育组织为核心开展工作;联动运行不仅限于基层社区内部,而且还要通过以社会体育组织为核心纽带实现基层社区体育横向网络和国家、省、市级纵向网络交互联系的社区体育网络体系;联动运行的实践是政府规划体育公共服务项目并实施监管,社会体育组织实施项目,社会体育指导员全职融入社会体育组织提供人力资源保障;联动运行的关键是实现社会体育组织实体化和社会体育指导员职业化;联动的实施策略是通过在全社会实施认知性嵌入、文化性嵌入、政治性嵌入、结构性嵌入,构建与联动相适应的社会环境。为今后社区体育的组织与管理提供理论借鉴。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: This research explored the linkage mechanism of “community-social sports organization-social sports instructor” and the key problems and implementation strategies needed to be solved urgently in the implementation process from the perspective of embeddedness theory by the methods of literature review. The study pointed out that the form of community sports organizations effectively meets the national fitness requirements based on the whole population and life cycle. The operation of “community-social sports organization-social sports instructor” must be based on the ideas of “community is embedded in society” and “social sports instructors are embedded in society”, and social sports organizations should be the core. The linkage operation is not only in grassroots community, but also in a social sports network system combining horizontal network of grassroots sports and longitudinal network of the country, the province and the city by taking social sports organizations as the core link. The practice of linkage operation is that governments plan and regulate projects of public sports service, social sports organizations implement project, and social sports instructors integrate into social sports organizations to provide protection of human resources. The key of linkage operation is to realize the materialization of social sports organizations and the professionalization of social sports instructors. The implementation strategy of linkage is to construct an adapted social environment by implementing cognitive embeddedness, cultural embeddedness, political embeddedness and structural embeddedness in the whole society. This study provided theoretical reference for organization and management of community sports.
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