王继娜,王继强.北狮运动专项特征及其对我国北狮可持续发展的启示[J].北京体育大学学报,2017,40(8):141-145.
北狮运动专项特征及其对我国北狮可持续发展的启示
Specific Characteristics of the North Lion Dance and Its Sustainable Development Strategy
投稿时间:2016-10-22  修订日期:2017-05-20
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2017.08.022
中文关键词:  关键词:北狮运动  舞狮运动  专项特征  套路创新  竞技创新  传统仪式  传承与创新
英文关键词:Keywords: the north lion dance  lion dance  specific characteristics  routine innovation  competitive innovation  traditional ceremony  inheritance and innovation
基金项目:基金项目:福建省教育厅重点课题(JAS150293)。通信作者:王继强
作者单位
王继娜 集美大学体育学院福建 厦门 361021 
王继强 平顶山学院河南 平顶山 467000 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:相对于舞龙、南狮项目的高调推广,作为舞狮起源的北狮项目在推广过程中相对较差,推断北狮项目在发展过程中遇到了困境。运用文献法、问卷调查、专家访谈等方法,以北狮运动专项特征为研究对象,走访当前国内知名北狮运动专家和民间舞狮团,从北狮专项特征方面审视影响北狮可持续发展的消极因素,并提出发展思路。研究认为:1)龙狮协会成立至今,规定套路的创编对北狮运动的发展起到引领作用,未来套路创编的文化传承职能任务更加艰巨;2)故事主题明确、故事情节清晰、技术风格粗犷、技术难度较高、作品的艺术欣赏价值等体现了北狮运动的特点;3)技术难度大,材料、器材的陈旧化影响到北狮运动技术的创新与推广;4)“遵循传统”的发展观要求:器材器械的时代发扬,故事情节的现代塑造,仪式性的传承与创新;5)竞技化的发展观要求:注重难美新、标准化和品牌化。为北狮训练在理论方面的形成提供研究借鉴,对我国北狮运动的推广和发展起到推动性的实践意义。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: Compared with the high-profile promotion of dragon dance and the south lion dance, the promotion of the north lion dance that was the origin of lion dance is poor, which indicated that the north lion dance may have some problems in the development process. Using the methods of literature review, questionnaire investigation and expert interview, this study analyzed the specific characteristics of the north lion dance, interviewed domestic well-known experts, visited folk lion dance troupe, looked for the negative influencing factors of continuous development of the north lion dance, and provided development strategies. Conclusions: 1) The routine design of dragon and lion dance association plays a leading role in the development of the north lion dance, and its future task of cultural inheritance will be more difficult. 2) Clear topic, clear stop, rough style, superior difficulty, art appreciation value are the characteristics of the north lion dance. 3) Superior difficulty and old materials and equipment affect the innovation and promotion of the north lion dance. 4) The development concept of following tradition requires the equipment development of, the modern shaping of the plot, and the ritual inheritance and innovation. 5) The development concept of competitiveness requires paying attention to difficulty, beauty and novelty, standardization and brand. This study provided references for the north lion dance training, and had practical significance of the development and promotion of the north lion dance.
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