李文川,刘春梅.不同古典医学文化中的“运动是良医”思想[J].北京体育大学学报,2017,40(8):133-140.
不同古典医学文化中的“运动是良医”思想
Thought of Exercise is Medicine in Difference Classic Medicine Culture
投稿时间:2016-07-06  修订日期:2017-04-25
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2017.08.021
中文关键词:  关键词:古典医学  运动是良医  体医结合  体育锻炼  身体健康  养生与健康思想
英文关键词:Keywords: classic medicine  exercise is medicine  combination of physical education and medicine  physical exercise  health  thought of preserving one's health
基金项目:基金项目:2014年教育部人文社科青年基金项目(14YJC890008);2014年浙江省哲学社科规划一般项目(14NDJ250YB)。
作者单位
李文川 中国计量大学浙江 杭州 310018 
刘春梅 中国计量大学浙江 杭州 310018 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:慢性疾病成为新世纪重要的致死风险因素,而身体活动不足成为引发慢性疾病的重要原因。2007年,由ACSM(American College of Sports Medicine)、AMA(American Medical Association)发起“运动是良医”的全球行动至今已有39个国家加入。主要采用文献资料法,梳理古典医学文化时期中“运动是良医”思想的源起。研究发现,早在公元前的古希腊、古代罗马、古代印度以及古代中国古典医学文化时期的医学典籍中就出现了“运动是良医”的思想和实践,Herodicus、Hippocrates、Galen、Susruta、华佗等对这一思想的发展做出了重要的贡献。虽然东西方医学与锻炼的结合具有同源异流、动静相宜等差异,但对于锻炼对疾病的预防和治疗的价值认识是一致的。甚至于早在古典医学文化时期就开始了身体锻炼与肥胖、糖尿病等疾病治疗的实践,并从自然、人体、锻炼、饮食等因素对疾病和健康有了整体的认识。文艺复兴后,由于医学技术的高速发展,“体”“医”开始分道扬镳,今天,体医结合重新受到医学和体育领域的重视,通过文献分析使我们对“运动是良医”这一古老的思想有更加深刻的认识。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: Chronic disease has become an important risk factor for mortality in new century, and physical inactivity has become an important cause of chronic diseases. The global campaign Exercise is Medicine launched by ACSM (American College of Sports Medicine) and AMA (American Medical Association) in 2007, has attracted the participation of 39 countries. This paper combed the origins of Exercise is Medicine thought in difference classic medicine culture by the method of literature review. And it found that the thought and practice of Exercise is Medicine had been appeared in medical books in early BC of ancient Greece, ancient Rome, ancient India and ancient China. Herodicus, Hippocrates, Galen, Susruta and Hua Tuo made important attribution to the development of the thought. Although there were differences of combination of physical education and medicine between the East and the West such as same resource and different branches, dynamic and static fusion, the understanding of value of exercise for prevention and treatment of diseases is consistent. Even the practice of treating diseases such as obesity and diabetes by physical exercise had appeared in early period of ancient classic medicine, and there was overall understanding of diseases and health from the factors of nature, body, exercise and diet. After the Renaissance, exercise and medicine went separate ways due to the rapid development of medical technology, now the combination of them has been paid attention. This study enables us to deep understand the thought of Exercise is Medicine.
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