张峰.克敌制胜:武术变易不居的源动力[J].北京体育大学学报,2017,40(8):126-132.
克敌制胜:武术变易不居的源动力
Defeat Enemy and Win Victory:The Source of Wushu Power is Constantly Changing
投稿时间:2017-01-12  最后修改时间:2017-06-22
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2017.08.020
中文关键词:  关键词:武术  克敌制胜  源动力  中华优秀文化  艺术化  强身自卫
英文关键词:Keywords: Wushu  defeat enemy and win victory  the source of power  Chinese excellent culture  art up  strengthen the body and defend oneself
基金项目:基金项目:国家社会科学基金资助项目(项目编号:14BTY071)。
作者单位
张峰 山东师范大学体育学院山东 济南 250014 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:武术对提升青少年体质与文化自信有积极作用,是继承中华优秀传统文化的重要手段,是让我们的文运、文脉在国民中生根发芽、传承弘扬的载体和助力器。为解决武术传承、传播、发展问题,解码武术的内部原因和外部原初关联,主要运用文献研究、专家访谈、发生学等研究方法,对武术的产生、发展源动力进行探寻。研究认为:1)武术发展动力的原初关联是军事、强力之事;武举制度的长期存在,助推武术发展、壮大,促进社会“尚武”风气的形成;宋明理学加速了武术的“文化负载”,艺术化是武术发展走向使然,强身自卫是武术发展的时代索然。2)武术克敌制胜的哲学基石是刚柔思想、思维指南是“中和”范式、“轴心时代”是流派思想的原点。3)从基因学视角看,制胜是武术DNA的“启动子”,克敌的“执两用中”思维范式是武术DNA的“σ因子”,二者管控着武术的发展走向。武术源动力的概念厘清对于武术传承、传播和良性发展具有重要理论意义和实践价值。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: Wushu has a positive effect on improving adolescent physique and cultural self-confidence, is an important means of inheriting Chinese traditional culture, and is a carrier and booster for our culture to take root, germinate and carry forward. In order to solve the problems of Wushu inheritance, spreading and development, decode original association of internal and external reasons of Wushu, this study explores the emergence and source of power of Wushu by the methods of literature review, expert interview and generative theory. Conclusions: 1) The origin of Wushu development was military and powerful; long-standing Wu regime system boosted the development and growth of Wushu, promotes the formation of social atmosphere of " militarism "; Song and Ming Dynasty had accelerated the “loaded culture” of Wushu, the art up is the trend of Wushu development, and physical self-defense is a choice of the times of Wushu development. 2) The philosophical cornerstone of Wushu overcome is a concept of rigid and soft, the guide of its thinking is the paradigm of "harmony", and the origin of its thought is "Axial Age". 3) From a genetic perspective, winning is the promoter of Wushu, the impartial thinking paradigm is the "σ factor" of Wushu DNA, these two control the development trend of Wushu. It is of great theoretical significance and practical value to clarify the concept of the source power of Wushu on Wushu inheritance, spreading and healthy development .
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