刘转青,练碧贞.自由视角下的“马拉松热”[J].北京体育大学学报,2017,40(8):34-39.
自由视角下的“马拉松热”
Study on Marathon Fever from the Perspective of Freedom
投稿时间:2016-11-21  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2017.08.006
中文关键词:  关键词:马拉松运动  赛事理念  自由  参赛权利  主体性  自我价值
英文关键词:Keywords: Marathon  competition concept  freedom  right to participate  subjectivity  self-worth
基金项目:
作者单位
刘转青 北京体育大学教育学院北京 100084贵州师范大学体育学院贵州 贵阳 550001 
练碧贞 北京体育大学教育学院北京 100084 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:通过文献资料法将自由界定为“个人意志之理性独立与行动之不受限定”。运用观察法和访谈法对马拉松运动中的选手现状进行了详细描述,从中归结出马拉松运动所蕴含的自由因素,即选手个人的意志自由、参赛权利的自由、跑步方式的自由和平时练习的自由。在此基础上,从自由对于人的重要性、我国人们生活中自由的缺失以及马拉松运动中自由所发挥的作用三方面阐释了马拉松火爆的深层原因。提出马拉松火爆的真正原因是由于它使选手的主体性得以回归,为参与者提供了实现自我价值的良好平台,有效地满足了人们对于自由的渴望与追求。期冀马拉松运动的后续发展能够一如既往地坚守它所秉持的理念和价值主张,不因过度商业化的侵袭而异化;同时也期冀能够藉此为日常生活中其他公共活动的开展提供启示。
英文摘要:
      Abstact: In this study, the freedom is defined as “rational independence of personal will and be unrestricted of personal action” by the method of literature review. And this study describes the current situation of the participants in marathon with the methods of observation and interview, and summarizes the freedom contained in marathon that includes player’ individual freedom of will, freedom of participation, freedom of running mode and freedom of practice. Based on these, study interprets the deep reasons of marathon fever from three aspects including importance of freedom for people, the lack of freedom of people's will and the role of freedom in marathon. The real reasons of marathon fever are that marathon enables player's subjectivity to return, provides a good platform for participants to realize their self-worth, and effectively satisfied the people’s desire and pursuit of freedom. This study expects that the subsequent development of marathon can stick to its idea and value rather than excessive commercial invasion, and also this study hopes to provide references for carrying out other activities in daily life.
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