孙刚.从英雄神话视域探索中国武术精神的审美文化源头[J].北京体育大学学报,2017,40(5):138-145.
从英雄神话视域探索中国武术精神的审美文化源头
Exploration of the Aesthetic Culture Origin of Chinese Wushu Spirit from the Perspective of Hero Myth
投稿时间:2016-03-31  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2017.05.022
中文关键词:  关键词:中国武术  英雄神话  审美文化  武术精神  神话英雄  民族精神
英文关键词:Keywords: Chinese Wushu  heroes’ myths  aesthetic culture  Wushu spirit  heroes in myths  national spirit
基金项目:基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(项目编号:11CTY001);山东师范大学优秀青年骨干教师国际合作培养计划经费资助。
作者单位
孙刚 山东师范大学体育学院山东 济南 250014 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:神话是民族文化的重要源泉,包孕着民族文化的原始初象和文化精神,反映了不同民族的思维理念和审美期许。从文化人类学、审美学、神话学的视角探讨英雄神话与中国武术的文化渊源,目的在于从民族文化的思想源头探寻中国武术精神的文化缘起和审美意蕴,有助于丰富中国武术文化的基础理论建设。运用文献资料法和比较研究法,阐释了神话、英雄神话及民族文化间的关系,由此探讨了作为中华民族重要文化符号的中国武术与中国上古英雄神话间的文化渊源。中国上古神话英雄的勇武刚强、高尚道德、牺牲精神等精神特质和审美境界积淀了中华民族特有的“英雄情结”,催生了刚健奋勇、崇德尚礼、舍生取义等价值取向的中华武术尚武精神。原始武术、巫术、舞蹈三位一体的原始社会文化背景下,英雄神话成为原始武术活动的文化主题,为探寻中国武术精神与中国上古神话间的文化渊源提供了一定的历史依据。因而,中国武术审美文化的源头应追溯到中国上古英雄神话。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: Myth is an important source of national culture, it contains primary images and cultural spirits, and reflects the concepts of thinking and the aesthetic expectation of different nations. From the perspectives of cultural anthropology, aesthetics, myth, this study discusses the cultural origin of heroes’ myth and Chinese martial arts, aims to explore the origin of the spirit of Chinese martial arts culture and aesthetic implication from the ideological source of the national culture, and to enrich the theory construction of Chinese martial arts culture. Using the methods of literature research and comparative study, this study explores the relationship between the myth, hero myth and the national culture of Chinese Wushu from the perspective of cultural anthropology, aesthetics and mythology, and detects the culture origin of Chinese Wushu and Chinese ancient hero myth. The myth is the aesthetic reality and spiritual source of national culture, rigid heroes in myth with martial brave, noble morality, self-sacrifice spirit accumulate Chinese nation's unique "heroic complex" and then have a deep influence on Wushu spirit of courageously grit, worshiping virtues and courteousness, laying down one’s life for a just cause. Under the trinity of original martial arts, witchcraft and dance of primitive society and cultural background, the heroes’ myths become the cultural theme of the original martial arts activities, which provide a historical basis to explore the cultural origin of the spirit of Chinese martial arts and Chinese antiquity myths. Therefore, the source of aesthetic culture of Chinese martial arts should be traced back to the ancient Chinese heroes’ myths.
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