王纳新,于秀,张银行.武术的文化解释[J].北京体育大学学报,2017,40(5):132-137.
武术的文化解释
Cultural Interpretation of Wushu
投稿时间:2016-12-20  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2017.05.021
中文关键词:  关键词:武术文化  内家拳  文化形态  道家  道教文化
英文关键词:Keywords: Wushu culture  internal school boxing  culture form  Taoists  Taoism
基金项目:基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(项目编号:16BTY101)。通信作者:于秀。
作者单位
王纳新 上海体育学院体育教育训练学院上海 200438沈阳体育学院研究生部辽宁 沈阳 110102 
于秀 沈阳体育学院研究生部辽宁 沈阳 110102 
张银行 扬州大学体育学院江苏 扬州 225009 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:武术不仅是“术”,而且是显学和玄学的文化复合体,蕴藏着复杂而深奥的话语符号及精神意义。为了探骊武术文化的本真渊源与精神,对于武术及其高级阶段的内家拳进行研究,主要采用文献研究法,从文化形态学、文化人类学、宗教哲学和体育学等视角,运用格尔茨的文化“深描”理论,对其学术范式及认知图式进行文化阐释。研究认为,武术是生命科学所涉,武术文化是觉醒的文化;武术文化的原初属性,是其“观念—意义”、“武—道”的符号—结构—编码系统,更多地依赖道德直觉、本能体悟等符号解码系统;内家拳是武术的代表和精髓;道家修真文化和隐逸文化促成了内家拳的原初精神——返璞归真,内家拳进而传承和践行着道家、道教的精神和价值——悟道蓄德;以武入道是武术文化的终极意义。研究价值在于构建系统的武术文化深层分析体系,厘清内家拳丹道武学的机理,挖掘武术背后“道德直觉”的隐形文化式样,还原武术的原初文化精神和普世价值,促进国粹民粹的内化传承。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: Wushu is not only the “movements”, but also a cultural complex of famous and metaphysics, and it has complex and profound discourse symbol and spiritual meaning. This study aimed at exploring the culture origin and spirit of Wushu, studied on Wushu and its advanced stage internal school boxing. By using the method of literature review, this study interpreted academic paradigm and cognitive schema from the perspectives of culture morphology, cultural anthropology, religious philosophy and physical education based on Geertz’s “deep description” theory. Conclusions: Wushu is involved in life science, is a awakening culture; the original attribute of Wushu culture is the symbol-structure-coding system of "concept-meaning" and "Wu-Dao", which is more dependent on the symbol decoding system of moral intuition and instinctive realization; internal school boxing is the representative and essence of Wushu; Dao comprehension culture and seclusion culture contribute to the internal school boxing’s original spirit that is “return to one’s original nature”, and internal school boxing inherits and practices Taoism and Taoist spirit and value that is “comprehend the Tao and possess morals”; comprehending the Tao through Wushu is the ultimate meaning of Wushu culture. The values of this research are to build a deep analysis system of Wushu, to clarify the mechamism of Dan Wu of internal school boxing, to excavate “moral intuition” invisible culture style behind Wushu, to restore the original cultural spirit of Wushu and universal value, and to promote the internalization of the inheritance of the quintessence and populist tradition.
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