张艺琼,姜毅,闫二涛.近代中国高等体育教育发展历程的研究[J].北京体育大学学报,2017,40(5):81-87.
近代中国高等体育教育发展历程的研究
Development Process of Higher Physical Education in Modern China
投稿时间:2016-10-01  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2017.05.013
中文关键词:  关键词:高等体育教育  发展历程  中国  近代
英文关键词:Keywords: higher physical education  development process  China  modern times
基金项目:基金项目:国家社会科学基金重大项目(项目编号:15ZDB147)。
作者单位
张艺琼 北京体育大学北京 100084 
姜毅 北京体育大学北京 100084海南师范大学海南 海口 571158 
闫二涛 北京体育大学北京 100084山东交通学院山东 济南 250357 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:通过文献资料法、访谈法等研究方法,把近代中国社会变革、高等教育的发展以及近代体育的发展综合起来考量,结合在近代社会变迁过程中对近代高等体育教育产生重要影响的制度、思想、事件等,将近代中国高等体育教育历史划分为四个阶段:近代中国高等体育教育的萌芽期(1840年-1912年),近代中国高等体育教育的探索期(1912年-1927年),近代中国高等体育教育的成熟期(1927年-1937年),近代中国高等体育教育的困难时期(1937年-1949年)。进而对近代中国高等教育发展在各个阶段的背景、概貌和特点进行分析,其中又从办学宗旨、课程设置、师资力量和学生情况等方面对各阶段的发展概貌进行了具体分析,最后得到了高等体育教育的发展需要内外部动力的相互作用、兼顾社会需求和个人发展、保持好与国家政府之间的关系以及处理好办学质量与效益的关系等启示。对近代中国高等体育教育发展的历史脉络进行梳理并从中找寻经验规律,在为当代中国高等体育教育的发展提供历史参考方面有着重要的理论和实践意义。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: Through the methods of documentary review and interview, this study considered the social transformation in modern society and the development of higher education and modern sports, and combined the systems, ideas and events that had a great effect on the higher physical education in modern China with, and divided the higher physical education in modern China into four stages: the embryonic stage (1840-1912), the exploring stage (1912-1927), the mature stage (1927-1937), and the hard stage (1937-1949). By analyzing the background, overview and characteristics of the higher education of modern China in different stages, and analyzing the overview from education purpose, curriculum setting, teachers and students in each stage, this research got some enlightenments including that the development of higher physical education requires the interaction of internal and external powers, needs to give consideration to both society and personal development, has to keep relationship with the national government well and handle the relationship between the education quality and benefit. There would be important theoretical significance and practical significance in providing historical references for the development of contemporary Chinese higher physical education by carefully combing the historical trace of the development of higher physical education in modern China.
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