张诚,王兴泽.动作学习视野下校园足球课程设置研究及案例教学分析[J].北京体育大学学报,2017,40(5):73-80.
动作学习视野下校园足球课程设置研究及案例教学分析
Study on Curriculum Design of Campus Football from the Perspective of Motor Learning and Case Teaching Analysis
投稿时间:2016-11-29  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2017.05.012
中文关键词:  关键词:动作学习  校园足球  空间方位  比赛设计  前须技能  青春期尴尬
英文关键词:Keywords: motor learning  campus football  spatial direction  competition design  prerequisite skills  adolescent awkwardness
基金项目:基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(项目编号:11CTY021)。
作者单位
张诚 台州科技职业学院浙江 台州 318020 
王兴泽 赣南师范大学体育与健康教育研究所江西 赣州 341000 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:为了促进校园足球教学的科学实施,基于动作学习理论视角研究校园足球教材课程设置。运用文献资料法和实验法,针对《校园足球》和《体育与健康》教材有关足球课程教学内容进行研究分析。实验对象为健康中小学生。得出校园足球课程设置中,比赛设计区分度较低、足球用球的选用欠明确、U6—7阶段空间方位练习内容缺失、U10—14阶段部分前须技能不足影响足球运动技能的学习与掌握,以及U12—14阶段“青春期尴尬”的客观现象干扰课程设置规律。依据动作学习理论,科学阐释校园足球教材设置中质疑或不符现象,建议校园足球教学中应根据学生不同发展阶段设置不同人制的足球比赛活动,以及在足球教学中增设空间方位学习内容。体育课堂评价中对动作发展特征(青春期尴尬现象)和前须技能给予充分认识,以提高足球教学效果。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: This study research on the curriculum design of campus football based on the theory of motor learning, for improving teaching football level on campus football with scientific ways. It analyzed the textbooks of campus football and physical education and health by the methods of literature review and experiment. The subjects were healthy primary and middle school students. Conclusions: In curriculum design of campus football, competition discrimination is low, football ball selection is unclear, spatial orientation practice is missing in U6-7 phase, the prerequisite skills is not enough in U10-14 phase that affects motor learning of football, and the “adolescence embarrassing” objective phenomenon in U12-14 phase disturbs the law of curriculum design. This study scientifically explained the questions in teaching textbook setting of campus football based on the theory of motor learning, suggested that the teaching of campus football should have football matches according to students’ different development situations, and add spatial orientation learning. In football class, it is necessary to fully understand the characteristics of motor development (adolescent awkwardness) and prerequisite skills to improve the teaching effect.
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