李信厚,马学智,杨建营.散打实战中的“综合技击”原则之技理研究[J].北京体育大学学报,2017,40(3):122-126.
散打实战中的“综合技击”原则之技理研究
Theory and Technology of Comprehensive Combating Principle in Free Combat
投稿时间:2016-09-18  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:散打  综合技击  攻防技击  技击原则  技理研究  战术策略  实战理论
英文关键词:Keywords: free combat  comprehensive combating  offense and defense strike  strike principle  theory and technology research  strategy  actual combat theory
基金项目:基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(项目编号:14BTY072)。通信作者:马学智。
作者单位
李信厚 北京体育大学北京 100084 
马学智 北京体育大学北京 100084 
杨建营 华东师范大学体育与健康学院上海 200241 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:散打是体现武术攻防技击用法的一项竞技对抗项目,攻防是散打项目的本质属性,也是指导散打训练的科学依据。主要采用文献资料法对散打实战中的综合技击原则进行研究。研究结果发现,“综合技击”原则的技理主要为以下几个方面:1)审时度势,知己知彼。攻防格斗过程中,详细审查,明察对手招法之变化,才能在实战中应对自如,连而不断;2)畴策汪洋,虚实兼备。攻防过程中虚惊实取,讲究虚实结合策略的运用;3)理法势通,相机制人。综合技击原则的运用,以取得最好效果为前提,讲究最佳时机的选择,最短距离、最快速度和最有效方法的综合运用。散打实战中,想要制人而不受制于人,在掌握攻防技击原理的基础上,需要修炼知己知彼的功夫;在招法运用熟练的基础上,特别重视特长技术的培养。通过对综合技击原则进行研究,探究散打实战中技击制胜的规律,探讨影响实战效果的关键因素,逐渐丰富和完善散打实战理论,为散打实战提供科学的理论参考依据,也是继承和发展中国传统文化中的一个重要方面。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: Free combat is an athletic opposition event and demonstrates offense and defense skills of Wushu. Offense and defense are the essential attributes of free combat, and also are the scientific foundations to instruct its training. This paper analyzed comprehensive combating principle in free combat by the method of literature review. The results showed that theory and technology of comprehensive combating principle include the following aspects. 1) During the offensive process, we should judge the hour and size up the situation, so that could cope with the change of opponent’s tactics and skills. 2) False-and-true strategy should be paid more attention to the. 3) We should grasp the best chance and use shortest, fastest and most efficient method to combat the opponent in the match. If want to discipline the opponent during the combating, we should pay more attention to know the enemy and know ourselves based on mastering the offense and defense skills principles. Based on fluent using of tactics, we should pay special attention to training advantage skill. Through the analysis of comprehensive combating principle and exploring its victory law, this study discussed some key factors for winning. So that we can enrich the theoretical system of free combat and provide scientific theoretical basis for the actual competition.
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