孙双明,叶茂盛.美、俄、日和欧盟学生体质健康测试概述[J].北京体育大学学报,2017,40(3):86-92.
美、俄、日和欧盟学生体质健康测试概述
Overview of Students’ Physical Fitness Test in America, Russia, Japan and EU
投稿时间:2016-11-07  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:国外学校;学生体质;体质健康测试; 体质健康评价;指标体系  “劳卫制”
英文关键词:Keywords: foreign school  student physique  physical fitness test  evaluation of physical health  index system  “system of labour and defence”
基金项目:基金项目:教育部哲学社会科学研究重大课题攻关项目(编号:13JZDH045)。
作者单位
孙双明 北京体育大学北京 100084 
叶茂盛 曲靖师范学院云南 曲靖 655011 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:采用文献资料法,对美国、俄罗斯、日本和欧盟的学生体质健康测试工作进行了详尽的梳理。发现国外学生体质健康测试存在5大趋势:1)对体质健康测试的理念逐渐趋同,已经从单纯重视身体形态和身体力量的初级阶段,转而开始关注身心协调和适应现代生活;2)全社会参与的学生体质健康测试模式已经成为发展的主流趋势;3)政府、社会、学校、家长和学生等利益相关者共同参与学生体质健康测试的评价主体多元化趋势日益明显;4)因对比研究的需要国外学生体质健康测试指标体系逐渐趋同,但是评价结果运用仍存在较大差异;5)各国政府对学生体质健康测试的保障机制日趋完善。为我国学生体质健康测试工作提供有益的借鉴。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: This paper analyzed students’ physical health test in America, Russia, Japan and European Union by the method of literature review, and found five trends. 1) The knowledge on physical conditions has been converging from body-shape and strength to body-mind coordination and modern life adaption. 2) The students’ physical health test with the whole society’s participations has become mainstream trend. 3) Governments, societies, schools, parents and students have become evaluation objects of the test. 4) Although indexes systems of foreign students’ physical health tests have been converging, the applications of evaluating results differ a lot. 5) The guarantee systems for students’ physical health tests of many countries are improving. This research can provide reference for China students’ physical fitness test.
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