焦芳钱.我国三大球项目发展的哲学认知研究[J].北京体育大学学报,2017,40(3):22-26.
我国三大球项目发展的哲学认知研究
Philosophical Cognition on the Three Big-Ball Sports Development in China
投稿时间:2015-11-16  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:足球  篮球  排球  三大球项目  哲学认知  训练主体  训练理念  竞技管理
英文关键词:Keywords: football  basketball  volleyball  three big-ball sports  philosophical cognition  training subject  training philosophy  competition management
基金项目:基金项目:中央高校基金项目(项目编号:20720140028)。
作者单位
焦芳钱 厦门大学体育部福建 厦门 361005 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:我国三大球项目的发展困境已引起了人们广泛的探讨和研究,并提出了许多发展思路和建议,而在哲学层面的研究相对较少。研究尝试性地从哲学视角,以文献资料法为主要的研究方法,对牵涉三大球发展有重要影响的项目本身、训练主体及支撑体制等几方面进行了研究。研究的目的在于超越单纯的训练学思维,在更为宏观抽象的哲学层面对我国三大球进行认知和反思,正确认知三大球项目的特性、归属和发展规律,并提出较为合理的发展思路,为我国三大球项目发展提供新的思路和理论支撑。研究认为:对项目本原与现代性特点的正确认知和把握,是缩小我国与体育强国三大球项目差距的有效途径。同时,在三大球项目训练中要正确认知训练主体的生物学特性和人文特质,从而有效发挥外因对内因的促进作用。当然,我国的三大球项目走出发展困境的关键点还在于体制的质性转变,其路径切入表现在强化顶层设计和社会综合力量的广泛参与。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: The bottlenecks in the development of the three big-ball sports have aroused heated discussion and research in China. Up to now, many researchers have made great efforts in the solutions to the development of the three big-ball sports, yet there are few studies from the perspective of philosophy. From the perspective of philosophy, this paper analyzed the events themselves, training subjects and supportive system which have important influence on the three big-ball development by the method of literature review. The purposes of the research are to cognize and to reflect on China’s three big-ball sports beyond the simple training thought on a philosophical level which is macroscopic and abstract, correctly cognize their characteristics, belonging and development law, and put forward some reasonable development ideas. The results showed that an effective solution to narrow the gap between China and sports powers in terms of the three big-ball sports is to correctly comprehend and grasp the essence of the events and their feature of modernity. Meanwhile, the biological characteristics and humanistic qualities of the training subjects in the training should be correctly cognized, to play the promotion role of external causes on internal causes. Certainly, the thorough transformation of the system is the key factor in resolving these problems. The paths are strengthening top-level design and introducing social comprehensive participation.
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