罗思婧.我国体育行业自治及其法律规制重构[J].北京体育大学学报,2017,40(3):16-21+32.
我国体育行业自治及其法律规制重构
Reconstruction of Self-Regulation and Legal-Regulation in China Sports Industry
投稿时间:2015-09-23  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:体育自治  行业自治  法律规制  体育治理  体育善治  法治化  立法规制  行政规制
英文关键词:Keywords: sport self-regulation  industry self-regulation  legal-regulation  sports govern  sports good govern  governed by law  legislative regulation  administrative regulation
基金项目:基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目。
作者单位
罗思婧 广东省人口发展研究院广东 广州 510600 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:以体育行业规制为研究对象,主要通过文献资料法来研究体育行业规制在我国的现状,其目的在于揭示我国体育行业规制面临的困境以及对体育行业规制重构的必要性。研究从我国体育立法规制、行政规制和体育组织内部治理3方面入手,提出良善的体育行业规制应当是一个对权力进行划分、在权力之间达成制衡、为权利提供保障的过程;但目前,我国体育行业自治受到行政主导的观念和管理方式影响,总体社会化水平不高;因此,我国急需寻求一条体育行业规制转型的新道路,即从当前的权威合作治理模式,转变为国家、体育社会组织、体育个人之间相互依赖、相互制约、相互合作的多元合作治理模式。根据该初步构想,并在充分考虑我国体育发展特殊性的情况下,提出我国体育行业规制改革的具体建议:1)继续健全和完善国家体育立法;2)继续推动体育行政部门职能转换以及单项体育协会实体化改革;3)强化体育组织内部治理法治化,建立与国际评价指标体系相一致的内部治理机构和运行机制。促使国家和体育组织反思当前体育行业规制所发挥的作用。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: This article focused on the regulation in sports industry, and discussed the current situation in China sports industry regulation by the methods of literature review. Its purposes were to reveal the difficulties which China facing in sporting regulation, and reveal the necessity of sports industry reconstruction. And this study introduced China’s sports legislation, sports administrative regulation and internal governance mechanism of sports organization at first, and then proposed that a good regulation in sports industry should be a process including the division of power, balance of power and protection of rights. However, self-regulation in China sports industry is seriously influenced by the bureaucratic ideas and management style, which leads to a low socialization level. Hence, there is urgent need to find a new way to impel the transition of sports governance in China. The new way is transiting to the mode of diversified cooperative governance that nation, sports organizations and sports individuals are interdependent, interactive and cooperative from the mode of the authoritative cooperative governance. Taking into account of the particularity of Chinese sports development, this study provided the following suggestions on the reform of sports regulation: 1) continue to improve national sports legislation; 2) continue to push forward the governmental function transformation and the national sports associations’ reform; 3) improve the internal governance in sports organization under the rule of law and establish the inner governance institution and operating mechanism that are consistent with the international index system. This study hoped can let government and sports organizations rethink the function of present regulation in sports industry.
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