董众鸣,陶然成.中国足球职业联赛跨年度赛制目标模式研究[J].北京体育大学学报,2016,39(11):128-134.
中国足球职业联赛跨年度赛制目标模式研究
Target Model of Cross-Year Competition System of Chinese Football Professional League
投稿时间:2016-03-11  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2016.11.019
中文关键词:  关键词:足球  职业联赛赛制  年度赛制  跨年度赛制
英文关键词:Keywords: football  professional league system  annual competition system  cross-year competition system
基金项目:基金项目:国家体育总局国家队攻关项目“调整中国足球职业联赛赛制保障国家队备战参加世界大赛的研究”(项目编号:2012A034)。
作者单位
董众鸣 上海体育学院体育教育训练学院上海 200438 
陶然成 上海体育学院体育教育训练学院上海 200438 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:为中国足球早日冲出亚洲,走向世界,以化解、克服国家队备战、参加世界大赛矛盾为主要目的。运用文献资料、问卷调查、专家访谈等研究方法,在梳理、比较我国足球职业联赛赛制与欧洲五大职业联赛赛制现状、存在问题基础上,通过年度赛制与跨年度赛制的利弊比较,提出了中国足球职业联赛施行跨年度赛制的目标模式。并根据我国实际情况,制定了5项具体措施:设置冬歇期,避开北方最寒冷时期;铺设地暖或设置保温层,保证北方主场草皮质量;配备冬季装备,保证正常训练、比赛;微调部分东北比赛主场或比赛场次;科学规划国家队备战、参加世界大赛方案与联赛规程。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: The main purposes of this study were to help Chinese football rush out of Asia and walk up to the world as soon as possible, and to overcome difficulties of the national team preparing for the world competitions. This study combed and compared the competition systems and existed problems of Chinese and five European football professional leagues, analyzed the advantages and disadvantages of annual and cross-year competition systems, and provided target model of cross-year competition system of Chinese football professional league. The five following measures according to China's actual situation were suggested: set winter break to avoid the coldest period in the North; lay warm or set the insulation layer to ensure turf quality in the North; allocate winter equipment to ensure normal training and competition; fine-tune part of home games or game sessions in the Northeast; scientifically plan the programs of national team to participate in world competitions and league rules.
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