陈翀,陈效科,王朝信,王启荣,等.U17足球运动员专项灵敏和耐力素质分析及评价等级的建立[J].北京体育大学学报,2016,39(11):112-118.
U17足球运动员专项灵敏和耐力素质分析及评价等级的建立
Analyses of Specific Agility and Endurance Quality of U17 Football Players and Establishment of Evaluation Grade
投稿时间:2015-10-22  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:U17  足球运动员  专项  灵敏  耐力  分析  评级等级
英文关键词:Keywords: U17  soccer  specific  agility  endurance  analysis  evaluation grade
基金项目:基金项目:国家体育总局备战奥运会科研攻关项目(2013A126);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助(2015YB018)
作者单位
陈翀 聊城大学体育学院山东 聊城 252059 
陈效科 北京体育大学北京 100084 
王朝信 菏泽学院体育系山东 菏泽 274015 
王启荣 国家体育总局运动医学研究所北京 100029 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:目的:分析我国优秀U17足球运动员专项灵敏和耐力素质,并建立评价等级标准。主要运用场地测试法、数理统计法,对全国优秀的U17男子足球运动员进行专项灵敏和耐力素质测试和分析,分析结果为:1)按照优良中下差等级划分标准,曲线跑为9.05s以下、9.06~9.40s、9.41~10.20s、10.21~10.70s、10.71s以上;四线往返跑为9.60s以下、9.61~9.90s、9.91~10.60s、10.61~10.90s、10.91s以上。YOYO间歇性耐力跑为3601m以上、3231~3600m、2201~3230m、1951~2200m、1950m以下;2)平均值方面,曲线跑为9.88±0.66s;四线往返跑为10.27±0.53s;YOYO间歇性耐力跑为2754.30±672.37m。得出以下结论:1)足球运动中,曲线跑和四线往返跑是反映专项灵敏的代表性指标,YOYO间歇性耐力跑是反映专项耐力的代表性指标。运用离差法可以客观准确的建立足球运动员专项灵敏和专项耐力评分表和评价等级标准。2)我国U17男子足球运动员的专项灵敏和耐力水平分布比较分散,其位置特征总体表现为专项灵敏素质:前锋>前卫>守门员>后卫;专项耐力素质:前卫>后卫 >前锋>守门员。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: Objective: This study aimed at analyzing the specific agility and endurance quality of China elite U17 football players and establishing the evaluation grade criteria. Methods: The specific agility and endurance quality of China elite U17 football players were tested and analyzed by the methods of field tests and mathematic statistics. Results: 1) The curve run performance can be divided into excellence, good, middle and poor according to the standard of <9.05s, 9.06-9.40s, 9.41-10.20s, 10.21-10.70s and >10.71s; the dividing standard of four-shuttle run performance is <9.60s, 9.61- 9.90s, 9.91-10.60s, 10.61-10.90s, >10.91s; and it of YOYO intermittent endurance run is >3601m, 3231-3600m, 2201-3230m, 1951-2200m, <1950m; 2) The average curve run result is 9.88 ± 0.66s, the average four-wire shuttle run result is 10.27 ± 0.53s, and YOYO intermittent endurance run’s is 2754.30 ± 672.37m. Conclusions: 1) The curve run and four-wire shuttle run are two representative indicators of specific agility in football while YOYO intermittent endurance run is a representative indicator of specific endurance quality. Specific agility and endurance evaluation scale and evaluation grade criteria for football players can be established by deviation method objectively and accurately. 2) The levels of specific agility and endurance quality are variable in China U17 football players, the position features are that the specific agility level of forwarder is the highest, followed by advance guarder, goalkeeper and guarder, while the specific endurance level of advance guarder is the highest, followed by guarder, forwarder and goalkeeper.
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