蔺新茂.实用主义体育与体育教学内容的实用性分析[J].北京体育大学学报,2016,39(11):82-88.
实用主义体育与体育教学内容的实用性分析
Analysis of Pragmatism Sports and Practicability of Sports Teaching Contents
投稿时间:2015-10-20  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:自然主义体育  实用主义体育  体育教学内容  实用性  本体价值  工具价值
英文关键词:Key words: naturalism sports  pragmatism sports  content of sports teaching  practicality  ontology value  tool value
基金项目:基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目“我国体育教学内容研究”(11BTY040)。;国家社会科学基金“十二五”规划2011年度教育学一般课题(课题批准号:BLA110093)。
作者单位
蔺新茂 河南大学体育学院河南 开封 475001 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:实用主义体育是沐浴着美国实用主义哲学与实用主义教育学的基本思想,承继并改造欧洲自然主义体育的基本理念和内容发展而来。20世纪初传入我国后,促使我国的学校体育教学内容发生了一系列变化,这些变化在某种程度上,促进了我国学校体育的完善和发展,但同时也造成体育学科的严谨性、科学性和适用性受到损害。这种现象在当今的体育基础教育改革中亦时有隐现,致使我国的基础体育教育受到了一定的影响。为了准确、清晰地研究和把握实用主义体育的精神实质,对体育教育领域的价值和存在的问题,本研究以体育教学内容的选择为着眼点,采用文献资料法,深入分析了自然主义体育与实用主义体育的基本差异,实用主义体育教学内容的理论基础、源流和发展。在充分认识体育教学内容“实用性”基本含义的基础上,研究结论认为,追求体育教学内容“实用性”,首先强调以“体育教学内容”这一核心要素为本,尊重学生作为实用性的基本指向;其次,强调应认识并厘清体育的本体价值和工具价值,在此基础上,努力对体育教学内容本体价值追求的回归,实现对体育教学内容工具价值的理性“扬弃”。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: Pragmatism sport is bathed in the American philosophy of pragmatism and the basic thoughts of pragmatism education, inherits and reforms the foundation concept and contents of European naturalism sports development. China school physical education content had a series of changes after it was introduced into China in the beginning of the 20th century. These changes promoted the development of China school sports in China, but also caused some harm to the rigors, scientific, and applicability of sports disciplines. At present, this kind of phenomenon also has a looming in the reform of elementary physical education and affects China elementary physical education. In order to accurately and clearly study and grasp the spirit essence of pragmatism sports, and its values and problems in the field of physical education, this study chose sports teaching content as research subject,?analyzed the basic differences between naturalism sports and pragmatism sports, and combed the theoretical basis, origin and development of pragmatism sports teaching contents by the method of literature review. Based on the full understanding of sports teaching contents’ basic meaning, the results suggested that the pursuit of sports teaching contents’ practicality should stress the core element of sports teaching contents and take respecting student as the basic point of practicability firstly; secondly, cognizing ontology value and tool value of sports should be emphasized, pursuing ontology value of sports teaching contents should be returned to realize sublating tool value of sports teaching contents.
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