魏婉怡.基于结构方程模型的我国体育赛事志愿者模型构建研究[J].北京体育大学学报,2016,39(11):45-50+56.
基于结构方程模型的我国体育赛事志愿者模型构建研究
Constructing the Model of China Sports Event Volunteers Based on Structural Equation Model
投稿时间:2016-03-30  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2016.11.007
中文关键词:  关键词:体育赛事  志愿者  组织  任务搭配  团体搭配  集中管理
英文关键词:Keywords: sports event  volunteer  organize  task collocation  team collocation  centralized management
基金项目:基金项目:国家体育总局体育哲学社会科学研究项目(项目编号:1707SS12100)。
作者单位
魏婉怡 首都体育学院北京 100191 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:国内体育赛事蓬勃发展的背景下,怎样使赛事志愿者常态化保持从事志愿工作的意愿,赋予志愿者在处理与赛事主办方关系问题上相应的权利是目前亟待解决的问题。主要通过问卷调查法搜集数据,采用结构方程模型对在中国青年志愿者官网(http://www.zgzyz.org.cn/node_21742.htm)注册的515位从事过体育赛事服务志愿者的数据分别进行了完全中介模型、部分中介模型以及直接效应模型比较。结果表明:赋予志愿者相应的权利在解决志愿者与赛事主办方的关系问题上有显著促进作用,在使志愿者继续从事志愿工作意愿的作用中效果显著(p<0.05)。认为:个人—任务搭配、个人—团体搭配以及集中管理型对志愿者被赋予的相应权利产生影响,同时对志愿者继续从事志愿工作意向产生积极影响。建议志愿者组织应该重点关注志愿者从事管理工作的过程中赋予志愿者相应权利的重要性。确立的体育赛事志愿者模型对于丰富与充实我国体育赛事中志愿者管理理论研究具有较大意义。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: In the background of rapid growth of sports events, how to keep volunteers’ willing and give their right to deal with organizer are the urgent problems needed to solve. This study collected the data of 515 volunteers of sport events who registered in the official website of China young volunteers by the method of questionnaire, and analyzed the data by comparing the completed mediation model, partial mediation model and direct effect model. The results showed that empowering volunteer’s of sports event significantly improves the relationship between volunteer and organizer, and has positive effect on volunteers’ intention of continuing to engage in volunteer work (P < 0.05). This study suggested that individual-mission and individual-team model and centralized management affect empowering volunteer, and have positive influence on volunteers to continue to engage in volunteer work. It also suggested that volunteer organization should focus on empowering volunteer’s right in the management work process. The sports event volunteer model set up in this study has a big meaning to enrich research of China sports event volunteer management theory.
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