李克敏,刘春华.政府购买体育服务的项目制选择与治理成效[J].北京体育大学学报,2016,39(11):1-8.
政府购买体育服务的项目制选择与治理成效
Project Selection and Governance Effect of Government Purchase Sports Service
投稿时间:2016-09-20  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:公共体育服务  政府购买  社会治理  社区体育  项目制  社区制
英文关键词:Keywords: public sports service  government purchase  social governance  community system  project system  community
基金项目:基金项目:国家社会科学基金重点项目(14ATY004);天津市哲学社会科学研究规划重点项目(TJTY16-002)。
作者单位
李克敏 天津市体育局办公室,天津 300051 
刘春华 天津财经大学博士后流动站天津 300222天津体育学院研究生部天津 300381 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:旨在探究政府购买体育服务选择项目制的根源及治理效果,推动政府体育购买的专业化、精准化和便捷化,为进一步完善政府购买公共体育服务提供理论参考。以文献资料法为主,通过对社会制度变迁中社会治理方式的变化分析体育购买服务选择项目制而非社区制的原因以及体育项目制的特征。研究发现:由于社区体育设施基础薄弱、社区体育组织能力不足以及财政转移支付的全面深入,项目制成为了当前政府购买体育公共服务的主要方式,这是制度主体和客观历史条件的选择,是多中心治理体系的要求,其有效促进了社会组织的发展以及专业性服务的提供;建议继续深化体育行政体制改革,以政策为保障,以制度为依托,以创新为动力,积极吸纳社会资源与组织参与社会治理,发展和完善政府购买体育的模式和机制。研究项目制并不是为了否认其它模式,它们处于同一起跑线,都是新近政府行为中付诸实践的组织模式,不存在制度依赖、路径依赖以及存增量依赖问题。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: This research attempted to explore the government’s choice of project system and governance effect, to buy sports service more professional, accurate and convenient for government, and provide a theoretical reference for further improving the government purchasing public sports service. Based on social system transformation in the social management pattern changes, this study analyzed the reason to choose project system not the community system and the characteristics of sports project system by the method of literature review. The results showed that due to the weak community sports facilities foundation, poor community sports organization ability, and depth of financial transfer payment, project system becomes the major way for government purchase public sports services, which is the main way and the choice of the system subject and the objective historical condition. It is the request of the multi center management system. It effectively promotes the development of social organization and professional services. Based on policy, system and innovation, this article suggested absorbing social resources and organization to participate in social governance, and developing the mode and mechanics of government purchase sports service. To study project system is not to deny other modes, and all the modes are used by government recently. They haven’t system dependence, paths dependence and deposit increase dependence.
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