邱招义,陶永纯,周瑾,伊诺,贺婧,等.我国2022冬奥会战略选择及项目布局的研究[J].北京体育大学学报,2016,39(9):126-131.
我国2022冬奥会战略选择及项目布局的研究
Strategic Choice and Events Arrangement of China in 2022 Winter Olympics
投稿时间:2016-03-24  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:冬运会  冬奥会  冰雪项目  运动项目布局
英文关键词:Keywords: National Winter Games  Winter Olympics  skating and skiing events  events arrangement
基金项目:基金项目:国家社会科学基金重点课题(课题编号:zd2016003)。
作者单位
邱招义 北京体育大学北京 100084 
陶永纯 哈尔滨工业大学体育部黑龙江 哈尔滨 150001 
周瑾 国家体育总局冬运中心滑雪部北京 100044 
伊诺 北京体育大学北京 100084 
贺婧 北京体育大学北京 100084 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:举办国获得优异的比赛成绩是奥运会举办成功的重要标志之一,探讨各冰雪强国成功经验,探索我国冬奥会冰雪布局,探寻冰雪项目制胜规律,具有重要意义。本课题采用文献资料法、比较研究法、访谈法与实地调查等研究方法,对冬奥会、冬运会冰雪项目布局和特点进行系统的梳理和分析。研究得出:我国冰雪项目布局应坚持“南展”、“西扩”冰雪发展格局,提出“北冰南展”、“北雪西扩”的布局,战略实施路径是:“走出东北、落地西北、扎根华北”,利用好2022冬奥会,冰雪运动项目发展重心转移到以北京为中心的华北地区。总体布局符合“雪重冰轻”的冬奥会项目布局特征,和冰雪项目布局中优势项目的传统性及两极性。力争发挥冬季冰雪项目布局中潜、优势项目的后发突破性,选择更适合中国选手体能技巧型的冰雪项目、自由式滑雪、单板滑雪以及雪车、雪橇。在我国“冰强雪弱”的基础上,保持短道速滑的传统优势,大力发展速度滑冰、花样滑冰、冰壶、集体滑冰等项目。
英文摘要:
      Abstract:Achieving excellent results is one of most important symbol for holding a successful Olympic Games. It has a significant sense of discussing about successful experience of prominent countries on winter sports events, exploring overall arrangement of skating and skiing events of 2022 Winter Olympics, and exploring regulations of being victorious in winter events. This study analyzed overall arrangement of 2022 Winter Olympics, and National Winter Games by using methods of documents analysis, comparative analysis, interview survey and field survey. Conclusions: Overall arrangement of winter sports events in China should follow the development pattern of “ice skating sports in north China spread to south China, skiing events in north China extend to west China”. The strategic path for 2022 Winter Olympics is “going out Northeast of China, landing in Northwest of China, implanted in North China”. We should grasp opportunity for hosting 2022 Winter Olympics, and transfer winter sports events to North China around Beijing. The overall strategy should follow the “more skiing less skatng” rule of Winter Olympics, and the tradition and two extremes of advantage events, try to make great development for winter sports events, such as freestyle skiing, snow board, bobsleigh and luge skeleton and choose more suitable events for Chinese players. Basis on the condition of unbalanced development of winter sports, we should hold the superiority on short track skating, making attach importance on speed skating, figure skating, curling etc.
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