刘洋,漆昌柱.基于积极心理学视域下的锻炼心理学研究进展[J].北京体育大学学报,2016,39(9):70-75+118.
基于积极心理学视域下的锻炼心理学研究进展
New Trends of Exercise Psychology Research from the Perspective of Positive Psychology
投稿时间:2015-01-11  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:积极心理学  锻炼心理学  身体锻炼  心理健康效益
英文关键词:Keywords: positive psychology  exercise psychology  physical activity  mental health benefit
基金项目:基金项目:湖北省教育科学“十二五”规划2013年度专项资助重点课题(编号:2013A112)。通信作者:漆昌柱。
作者单位
刘洋 郑州大学体育学院河南 郑州 450044武汉体育学院湖北 武汉 430079 
漆昌柱 武汉体育学院湖北 武汉 430079 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:基于积极心理学的视域,对身体锻炼与积极情绪、幸福感、乐商、积极心理品质以及成功老龄化等积极心理健康指标的关系进行综述分析,提出以往研究中存在的问题和薄弱环节以及锻炼心理学未来研究趋势。结果表明,锻炼心理学在身体锻炼与积极情绪、主观幸福感方面的研究取得了一定成果,但在身体锻炼与乐商、社会幸福感、积极心理品质等方面研究相对不足;研究对象过于集中,抽样科学性不高,研究范式缺乏严格的实验设计,研究结果普适性不高,因果关系结论匮乏。未来锻炼心理学应重视身体锻炼的积极心理效益、积极心理品质的运动处方以及身体锻炼积极心理功效的神经机制和心理机制等问题,并在研究中注重概念和测量工具的本土化以及研究范式的创新与融合。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: From the perspective of positive psychology, summary and analysis are conducted on the relationship between physical exercise and each of the positive psychological health indexes including positive emotion, sense of happiness, optimistic intelligence quotient, positive psychological quality and successful aging, and the existed problems and weakness and the trends of exercise psychology research are pointed out. The findings indicate that achievements have been made in the studies of the relationship between physical exercise and positive emotion, and subjective sense of happiness while weaknesses are found in the studies of the relationship between physical exercise and optimistic intelligence quotient, social well-being and positive psychological quality. In addition, the research object is too concentrated, sampling is not high scientific, research paradigms lack rigorous experimental design, the results of universality is not high and lack of causal conclusions. In future, exercise psychology should focus on the influence of physical exercise on positive psychological factors, the exercise therapy of positive psychological quality, neurotic and psychological mechanism of positive psychological efficacy of physical exercise. Meanwhile, localization of the related concept and measuring instruments and innovation and fusion of research normal forms should be taken into consideration.
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