刘玫瑾,黄黛黛.体育教育信息化需求分析方法研究[J].北京体育大学学报,2016,39(4):80-84+89.
体育教育信息化需求分析方法研究
Analysis Method of Physical Education Informationization Requirement
投稿时间:2015-07-16  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2016.04.014
中文关键词:  关键词:体育教育  信息化  需求分析方法  信息化成熟度  现状分析  系统规划  系统设计
英文关键词:Keywords: physical education  informationization  requirement analysis method  informationization maturity degree  status analysis  system planning  system design
基金项目:基金项目:中国教育技术协会十二五课题T022。
作者单位
刘玫瑾 北京体育大学,北京 100084 
黄黛黛 北京体育大学,北京 100084 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:通过文献调查与归纳演绎,分析了我国体育教育信息化应用研究33年来发展特征和经历的阶段,对体育教育信息化发展成熟度进行了定位,分析了目前所遇到的问题及未来的发展趋势。在信息技术及体育教育信息化应用呈现多样化的背景之下,从体育教育信息化建设工作者的角度,解决相应的工程学涉及需求分析的方法内容零散,种类繁多,组合不定选择困难的问题。论文归纳总结组合了一套具有适用泛型的方法组合,并且基于以内容表现方法为核心,根据内容表现需求选择信息技术的思路,从服务于体育教学的角度,对体育教育信息化的需求分析方法展开探讨。明确了体育教育信息化需求分析的7个重要组成部分,其中,背景及现状分析的主要内容是政策、社会和技术背景分析、应用历史与现状分析;系统规划方法需要多样化;系统目标描述包括组织目标描述,包括交互、应用、数据及其3个层面的传递方式的系统描述;系统功能描述的有效方法是用例分析;信息技术需求要关注技术的优缺点、软件和策略需要;数据库设计使用实体和属性的概念;界面设计包括功能设计、美观设计2个方面的描述内容。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: This paper analyzed development features and stages of China physical education informationization application research in the recent 33 years, positioned its develop maturity degree, and concluded its facing problems and future trend by the methods of literature and induction and deduction. On the background of diversified development of information technology and physical education informationization application, this study tried to settle the problem of selecting and arranging requirement analysis from various methodologies. This paper also summed up a extensive suitable analysis method package, and based on the core method of content presentation and its needing we discussed requirement analysis methods of physical education informationization in its teaching perspective. There are seven important parts in requirement analysis of physical education informationization. Background and status analysis focusing on policy, society, technology background, history and status of application; System planning should be diversified; System target description includes target description, and system description of interaction, application and data related applications; The effective method of system function description is use case diagram; The selection of technology should take the strengths and weaknesses of the application, software and strategic requirement into consideration; Using entity-relationship diagram to design the database; Interface design is consist of function design and aesthetic design.
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