付颖颖,迟立忠.情绪调节策略对篮球运动员决策的影响——工作记忆容量的调节作用[J].北京体育大学学报,2016,39(4):72-79.
情绪调节策略对篮球运动员决策的影响——工作记忆容量的调节作用
Influence of Emotion Regulation on Decision-Making in Basketball Players: Moderating Effect of Working Memory
投稿时间:2014-05-19  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:决策  情绪调节策略  视觉—空间工作记忆  言语工作记忆
英文关键词:Keywords: decision-making  emotion regulation  visual-spatial working memory  verbal working memory
基金项目:基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目。通信作者:迟立忠。
作者单位
付颖颖 北京体育大学北京 10084 
迟立忠 北京体育大学北京 10084 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:目的:探讨了情绪调节策略、视觉-空间工作记忆容量、言语工作记忆容量对篮球运动员决策准确性和速度的影响。方法:研究参与者为47名国内某体育大学篮球专项男运动员,年龄18~22岁,运动等级均为二级以上。研究包括2个实验:实验1探讨情绪调节策略及视觉??空间工作记忆容量对决策的影响,为情绪调节策略(2)×视觉-空间工作记忆容量(2)×决策任务(2)的混合实验设计。实验2探讨情绪调节策略及言语工作记忆容量对决策的影响,为情绪调节策略(2)×言语工作记忆容量(2)×决策任务(2)的混合实验设计。结果:进行重复测量方差分析,发现:视觉-空间工作记忆容量与情绪调节策略在决策反应时上交互作用显著;言语工作记忆容量与情绪调节策略在决策反应时上交互作用显著;高言语工作记忆容量组反应时显著高于低容量组。结论:情绪调节策略、工作记忆容量是影响篮球运动员决策的重要因素;情绪调节策略对决策的影响因视觉-空间工作记忆容量的不同而变化;言语工作记忆容量对篮球运动员决策的影响因情绪调节策略的不同而变化。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: This research tried to investigate the effect of emotion regulation, visual-spatial working memory and verbal working memory upon the speed and accuracy of basketball players in decision-making, based on the cognitive approach and paradigms of cognitive psychology. Forty-seven basketball players (18 to 22 years old) from one sports university participated in the studies. Self-developed software measuring working memory capacity and the accuracy and speed of decision-making were used in the investigation. The research consisted of 2 mixed-design experiments. Study 1 adopted mixed-design of emotion regulation (2) × visual-spatial working memory (2) × decision-making task (2) to investigate the influence of emotion regulation and visual-spatial working memory on the quality of decision-making. Study 2 adopted mixed-design of emotion regulation (2) × verbal working memory (2) × decision-making task (2) to investigate the influence of emotion regulation and verbal working memory on the quality of decision-making. The results suggested that visual-spatial working memory moderated the influence of emotion regulation on decision-making. Verbal working memory moderated the influence of emotion regulation on decision-making. The reaction time of high verbal working memory capacity is higher that of low verbal working memory capacity. Conclusions: Emotion regulation and working memory are important for decision-making in basketball players. Visual-spatial working memory moderates the effect of emotion regulation on decision-making. Emotion regulation moderates the effect of verbal working memory on decision-making.
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