刘华荣,王华倬.户外运动游憩地生态环境破坏行为的负外部性成因分析与治理方策[J].北京体育大学学报,2016,39(4):29-33.
户外运动游憩地生态环境破坏行为的负外部性成因分析与治理方策
Negative Externality Genetic Analysis on Ecological Damage Behavior in Outdoor Sports Recreation Site and Its Countermeasure
投稿时间:2015-04-07  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2016.04.005
中文关键词:  关键词:户外运动游憩地  生态环境破坏行为  市场机制  政府管制  负外部性  成因分析  治理方策
英文关键词:Keywords: outdoor sports recreation site  ecological damage behavior  market mechanism  government regulation  negative externality  genetic analysis  countermeasure
基金项目:基金项目:2016年度国家体育总局哲学社会科学研究项目(批准号:2390SS16127);中国地质大学学科培育计划。通信作者:王华倬。
作者单位
刘华荣 北京体育大学教育学院北京 100084中国地质大学(武汉)体育部湖北 武汉 430074 
王华倬 北京体育大学教育学院北京 100084 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:为有效遏制当前我国户外运动游憩地生态环境破坏行为的持续扩散态势,采用文献资料法、调查法、专家访谈法等研究方法,以户外运动游憩地生态环境破坏行为为研究对象,对其负外部性成因与治理方策做了分析与探讨。研究认为:其根本原因在于户外运动游憩业本身的负外部性禀赋,造成游憩地生态环境资源非排他性和非竞争性的“无价”或“低价”开发使用,市场机制缺位、政府管制失灵和伦理约束乏力等外因则加剧了户外运动游憩负外部性急剧扩散。研究建议:运用科斯与庇古两种思路,采取明晰产权界限、对经营者征收庇古税、对企业进行补贴、加强政府管制和惩治、加强伦理约束等五方面措施入手治理。对促进户外运动游憩业生态环境行为的选择优化,户外运动游憩地生态环境保护与户外运动游憩企业发展的良性互动,具有理论与实际指导意义。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: In order to effectively curb the continuing diffusion tendency of ecological damage behaviors in China outdoor sports recreation sites, this paper analyzed negative externality causes of the behaviors and provided some countermeasures by the methods of literature review, investigation and expert interview. The results showed that the basic reason is negative externality of outdoor sports recreation which caused non-cost or low cost development of non-exclusive and non-competitive recreation site ecological resource. Absence of market mechanism, government regulation malfunctions, and weak of ethical constraint aggravated rapid diffusion of outdoor sports recreation’s negative externality. Suggestions: Using two kinds of ideas by Coase and Pigou, the countermeasures focus on five aspects that are clear property rights limitation, Pigou tax to operator, subsidizing company, strengthening government regulation and punishment, and improving ethical constraint. This study has theoretical and practical significance for promoting optimization of ecological environment behavior of outdoor sports recreation, and positive interaction between ecological environment protection and outdoor sports recreation enterprise development.
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