孙健.新规则下男子古典式摔跤运动员技战术运用特征分析――以世界优秀古典式摔跤66kg级运动员为例[J].北京体育大学学报,2016,39(2):140-144.
新规则下男子古典式摔跤运动员技战术运用特征分析――以世界优秀古典式摔跤66kg级运动员为例
Characteristics of Technique and Tactics Application of Male Greco Roman Wrestlers Under the New Rule: A Case Study of World Elite Greco Roman 66 kg Class Wrestlers
投稿时间:2015-08-10  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2016.02.022
中文关键词:  关键词:新规则  古典式摔跤  66kg级  技战术运用  
英文关键词:Keywords: new rule  Greco Roman wrestling  66 kg class  technique and tactics application
基金项目:基金项目:国家体育总局奥运攻关课题(2015H7031);广州体育学院中青年人才培养项目。
作者单位
孙健 广州体育学院武术系广东 广州 510500 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:古典式摔跤竞赛规则修改后对技战术的影响还未进行深入研究,为了把握古典式摔跤技战术发展趋势和备战巴西里约奥运会的需要,运用文献资料、观察、数理统计、比较分析、专家访谈等研究方法,以世界男子优秀古典式66kg级摔跤运动员为例,对新规则下古典式摔跤技战术的运用特征和发展趋势进行研究与探讨。结论:世界优秀男子古典式摔跤66kg级运动员站立与跪撑角斗得分能力均衡;转移与抱折是站立角斗的核心得分技术,逼迫对手消极成为站立得分的手段之一;滚桥和提抱技术是跪撑角斗得分的主要手段;站立对抗中积极、主动的进攻成为新规则下古典式摔跤的风格特点。建议:中国摔跤运动员整体对抗能力与世界高水平运动员还存在差距,教练员需加强运动员个人能力与技术风格的培养,在训练中以突出核心技术运用得分能力、加强站立对抗的积极主动性为目标指导训练与比赛。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: The influence of rule change of Groco Roman wrestling on technique and tactics has not been studied. In order to grasp its trend and prepare for the Rio Olympics, this paper took world elite Greco Roman 66 kg class wrestlers as examples, and analyzed application characteristics and development trend of technique and tactics of Greco Roman wrestling under the new rule by the methods of literature, observation, mathematical statistics, comparative analysis, and expert interview. The results showed that nowadays the world elite male Greco Roman 66 kg class wrestlers have balanced capacity both on standing and Par Terre position; going behind and holding off are the main scoring ways to standing, as well as to be active so as to force the opponent to be passive; bridge rolling and lifting technology are the main scoring ways to Par Terre; to be initiative to standing attack opponent has become the new phenomenon of the Greco Roman wrestling under the new rule. Suggestions: There is still a gap between the total competitive ability of Chinese wrestlers and the world elite wrestlers. Coaches need to strengthen the training of personal ability and technique style. Highlighting the core techniques of scoring and strengthening the initiative of standing attack should be the targets of training and games.
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