郝霖霖,葛春林,古松,水祎舟,傅鸿浩,等.中国女排与巴、美、日、意四国女排拦防效果及站位对比分析[J].北京体育大学学报,2015,38(12):139-144.
中国女排与巴、美、日、意四国女排拦防效果及站位对比分析
A Comparison Analysis on Effect and Position of Block and Save Between Chinese Women Volleyball Team and Teams of Brazil, USA, Japan and Italy
投稿时间:2015-04-15  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:中国女排  接扣球防守  拦网  防守  防守站位
英文关键词:Key words: China women’s volleyball team  retrieving spike  block  defense  defensive position
基金项目:基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助课题(项目编号2015BS010)。
作者单位
郝霖霖 北京体育大学北京 100084 
葛春林 北京体育大学北京 100084 
古松 北京体育大学北京 100084 
水祎舟 北京体育大学北京 100084 
傅鸿浩 北京体育大学北京 100084 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:从拦网效果、拦网站位、后排防守效果以及后排防守站位等方面诊断中国女排拦防战术运用中存在的问题,为中国女排改进拦防战术打法提供参考。运用文献资料、录像统计与解析等方法,对比分析2014年重大国际比赛中世界女排前五强的34场比赛数据,以此发现中国女排拦防战术运用的优势与不足。结论:中国队在对方一传时段中,前排拦网队员站位较分散,这导致拦对方3号位快攻时,2号位拦网队员无法及时向3号位移动,难以配合副攻手组成双人拦网,从而使得有效拦网率下降;中国队在防对方4号位平拉开进攻、4号位调整进攻以及2号位平拉开进攻时,在大斜线位置上的队员常无意识的后撤防守,这使得该队员防守范围加大并且偏离了扣球落点集中区域,对防守造成一定影响;中国队在防3、2号位快攻时,虽然队员站位不存在问题,但由于后排防守队员存在重心高、反应慢、起动慢、移动慢的弱点,致使后排防守效果不佳。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: In order to provide a reference for Chinese women volleyball team to improve blocking and guarding technology and tactics, this study analyzed blocking and guarding tactics of Chinese women volleyball team from blocking effect, blocking position, rear defensive effect and rear defensive position. We found that advantages and disadvantages of China women’s volleyball team after analyzed 34 games data of other five top teams in 2014 international competitions by methods of literature review, video statistics and analysis. Conclusions: In the first passing time of opponent, the scattered positions of Chinese blocking players cause that the blocker of No.2 has not enough time to move to No.3 and is difficult to make up double block, and leads to adverse effect on defending fast break of No.3. When players defend pull off attack of No.4 and No.2, and defend adjust attack of No.4, the defender who stands on the large slash often retreats unintentionally, this led defensive range to become larger and led the defender to deviate from spiking landing concentration area, and result in a decline in defensive success rate. There is no problem in position when the back players defend fast break of No.3 and No.2, but the back defenders have weakness in gravity, reaction speed, start speed and movement speed led to adverse effect on rear defense.
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