Sharon Ann Plowman.儿童青少年骨骼肌相关体适能测试的10大研究问题[J].北京体育大学学报,2015,38(12):55-67.
儿童青少年骨骼肌相关体适能测试的10大研究问题
Top 10 Research Questions Related to Musculoskeletal Physical Fitness Testing in Children and Adolescents
投稿时间:2015-11-15  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2015.12.009
中文关键词:  关键词:健康相关体适能  神经肌肉测试  青少年
英文关键词:Keywords: health-related physical fitness  neuromuscular tests  youth
基金项目:
作者单位
Sharon Ann Plowman 北伊利诺伊大学Harrisonburg, VA 22802 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:本文的研究目的是引起人们对儿童青少年骨骼肌相关体适能测试的10个亟待解决的问题的关注,目标是激发更多的研究来解答这些问题。这些急需解决的问题包括明确儿童青少年肌肉力量、爆发力(power)、耐力、柔韧性的有效、可信、可行的场地测试方法与健康风险因素/标记物之间的关系;确定运动训练对这些关系的影响;记录追踪这些关系。需要仔细并有针对性地检验柔韧性在健康相关体适能(HRPF)中的作用。体重/体成分在健康相关体适能中是一个独立的组成部分,但它也是一个能够影响骨骼肌测试项目成绩的因素。体重,体脂肪和中心性肥胖以及对这些测试结果进行调整的可能性都是非常重要的研究问题。有几个问题是关于哪些场地测试最适用于学校。最后,需要建立真正的健康相关体适能测试参考标准的界值点。总的来说,为了青少年HRPF,需要在骨骼肌领域进行更多高质量的研究。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: The purpose of this article is to bring attention to the 10 most pressing questions relevant to musculoskeletal physical fitness testing in children and adolescents. The goal is to stimulate research to answer these questions. The most pressing needs include establishing definitive links between valid, reliable, and feasible field test measures of muscular strength, endurance, power, and flexibility and health risk factors/markers in children and adolescents; determining the effects of exercise training on these relationships; and documenting the tracking of these relationships. The role of flexibility in health-related physical fitness (HRPF) needs to be carefully and specifically examined. Although body weight/composition is a separate component of health-related fitness, it is also a factor that can influence the performance of musculoskeletal test items. The role of body weight, body fat, and central adiposity and the possibility of adjustment of tests results are important research questions. Several questions relate to which field tests are best for use in schools. Finally, actual health-related criterion-referenced cutoff values need to be developed. In conclusion, more quality research is needed to firmly establish the musculoskeletal area for HRPF in youth.
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