王艳,李新,王正珍.2015年“第62届美国运动医学会年会”专栏:体力活动与癌症研究进展[J].北京体育大学学报,2015,38(8):72-79.
2015年“第62届美国运动医学会年会”专栏:体力活动与癌症研究进展
Research Progress of Physical Activity and Cancer
投稿时间:2015-08-05  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词: 体力活动  有氧运动  癌症预防  生活质量  抗阻运动  癌症存活者  创伤后成长
英文关键词:Keywords: physical activity  aerobic exercise  cancer prevention  life quality  resistance exercise  cancer survivors  posttraumatic growth
基金项目:基金项目:国家“十二五”科技支撑计划课题(2012BAK21B02);国家体育总局课题(2014B007)。
作者单位
王艳 北京体育大学北京 100084 
李新 北京体育大学北京 100084 
王正珍 北京体育大学北京 100084 
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中文摘要:
      摘要: 近年来研究发现体力活动水平与多种癌症的预防、治疗和康复显著相关,提高体力活动水平改善癌症患者生存质量已成为癌症研究领域的一大热点。本文以2015年第62届美国ACSM年会上体力活动与癌症相关专题报告和论文为主线,结合目前国内外有关体力活动与癌症关系的研究现状和热点问题,从癌症患者体力活动水平现状,体力活动对癌症预防、治疗、康复作用, 体力活动对癌症影响机制,鼓励癌症患者进行体力活动的有效途径、癌症患者进行体力活动的安全性等方面进行研究分析,并提出对今后研究方向的展望。从本年会专题报告和论文研究结果进行分析,有近三分之二的癌症患者没有达到体力活动推荐量;有氧运动和抗阻运动联合的运动方式对癌症干预效果较好;规律的中等强度运动对癌症患者是安全、有效的,高强度间歇运动对提高癌症患者健康体适能和生活质量作用较大,但需要进行深入研究,确保其安全性;体力活动对癌症患者创伤后成长的促进作用有待研究结果进一步论证;可采用网络平台、电话、DVD等现代电子通信、影像技术对癌症高危人群和癌症患者进行运动干预的指导、监控和实施。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: Many studies indicated that physical activity (PA) level is related to the prevention, treatment and rehabilitation of cancers in recent years. It is becoming a research hotspot to improve the cancer patients’ life quality through the increase of PA. Based on the research findings and papers from the 2015 ACSM annual meeting and some other research related to the PA and cancer, the article summarized the status of PA level in patients with cancer, the effects of PA on cancer prevention, treatment and rehabilitation, and the mechanisms. Also this paper discussed the effective and safe way of PA for cancer patients, put forward some future research directions. The presentations and papers in this meeting showed that nearly 2/3 of cancer patients did not reach the recommended amount of physical activity; the intervention of combining aerobic exercise and the resistance exercise has better effects on cancer patient; regular moderate PA is safe and effective for cancer patients while high intensity PA has more effect on patients’ physical fitness and life quality even its safety needs to be detected in more research; the effect of PA on posttraumatic growth still needs to be proved; modern electronic communication and image technology such as internet, phone, DVD, etc, can be used in guiding and monitoring exercise intervention.
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