林小美,林天孩.“掼牛”运动文化生态要素分析与结构模型建构[J].北京体育大学学报,2015,38(8):36-41.
“掼牛”运动文化生态要素分析与结构模型建构
Cultural Ecology Factor Analysis and Structural Model Construction on Pushing Bull
投稿时间:2014-10-14  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2015.08.006
中文关键词:  关键词:“掼牛”运动  文化生态要素  结构秩序  作用关系  结构模型
英文关键词:Keywords: Pushing Bull  cultural ecology factor  structure order  functional relation  structural model
基金项目:基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(项目编号:12BTY045)。
作者单位
林小美 浙江大学教育学院体育学系浙江 杭州 310028 
林天孩 浙江大学教育学院体育学系浙江 杭州 310028 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:基于文化生态学的视角探究“掼牛”运动文化生态中人与自然及社会环境之间的结构秩序以及其相互作用的动态关系可以为发挥“掼牛”运动的区域资源优势,促进其自身的良性发展提供实践指导与理论依据。研究以“掼牛”运动涉入群体为调查对象,运用文献资料分析法、访谈法、实地考察法、问卷调查法与数理统计等方法以架构“掼牛”运动的自然与社会文化生态环境要素及该运动参与群体与自然及社会环境各子要素之间的结构秩序与相互作用的关系。研究结果表明,从物质、制度、精神与社会关系文化生态环境等四个维度架构“掼牛”文化生态环境具备较好的信效度;涉入群体获取“掼牛”运动信息的主要路径依次为表演或比赛、电视、网络与人际交往;文化应对策略上,绝大部分采取文化整合策略;最后,从构建的“掼牛”文化生态模型判断,物质与制度文化生态纬度对涉入水平产生了不同程度的影响。这对促进“掼牛”运动发展,丰富民族体育文化测量工具,充实民族体育文化研究范式提供了思考与借鉴。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: To explore structural order and dynamic interaction between man and nature or social environment in Pushing Bull by the perspective of cultural ecology can exerte regional resource advantage and provide practical guidance and theoretical basis for promoting its own development. This study investigated all the groups involved in Pushing Bull and constructed structural model by the methods of literature analysis, interview, field survey, questionnaire and mathematical statistics. The model includes Pushing Bull’s natural and social cultural ecology factors, and structural order and dynamic interaction between involved groups and nature or social environment factors. The results showed that constructed cultural ecology in dimensions of materials, system, spirit and social relationship cultural ecology has good reliability and validity. The ways to gain Pushing Bull information are performance, competition, television, internet and interpersonal relationship. The cultural coping strategy always is integration strategy. In the end, material cultural ecology and institutional cultural ecology have certain degree impact on involvement level, judging from the cultural ecology model. This provided thinking and some references to promote Pushing Bull development, increase national sports cultural measure tool, and enrich national sports cultural research paradigm.
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