张世威.基于文化空间理论的民族传统体育保护研究——来自土家摆手舞的田野释义与演证[J].北京体育大学学报,2015,38(8):20-28.
基于文化空间理论的民族传统体育保护研究——来自土家摆手舞的田野释义与演证
Protection of National Traditional Sports in the Perspective of Cultural Space Theory:Field Interpretation and Demonstration of Tujia Waving Dance
投稿时间:2014-11-03  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:文化空间  体育非物质文化遗产  民族传统体育  整体性  文化保护  摆手舞
英文关键词:Keywords: cultural space  sports intangible cultural heritage  national traditional sports  integrity  cultural protection  waving dance
基金项目:基金项目:国家社会科学基金西部项目(12XTY006)。
作者单位
张世威 长江师范学院 巴渝体育文化研究中心重庆 408100 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:以文化空间理论为视角,以重庆酉阳土家族摆手舞为个案,厘析民族传统体育的“文化空间”依存性,探索民族传统体育“文化空间”构建和保护的方法,为我国民族传统体育保护提供理论和方法参考。研究表明:民族传统体育“文化空间”包括理念变量、组织变量和物态变量,是民族传统体育文化事象和“文化空间”依存的根本、基础和载体,三者相互联系、相互依存,共同决定和关联着民族传统体育文化事象及其“文化空间”的存续和存在,保护民族传统体育文化必须保护“文化空间”。建构保护中:(1)理念变量是核心,在保持传统核心理念不变的情况下进行适应性丰富和发展。(2)组织变量处于中间层面,要建构和回归族民的主流地位和主流群体;保持族内传承的民族性、传统性,保护传承人;保护传统体育活动方式和活动场所的传统性、民族性和原生性;科学保留优秀民族文化、传统文化;提高当地自然农耕经济水平,保持农耕生产方式。(3)物态变量处于外显层面,要求保护动作内容及表现形式的原始性、原生性;保护自然生态环境,以及民族性、传统性建筑风貌及物质媒介。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: In the perspective of cultural space theory, this study analyzed cultural space dependency of national traditional sports by a case study on Tujia waving dance in Youyang Chongqing. And this paper put forward some methods to construct cultural space of national traditional sports and theoretical references to protect it. The results showed that cultural space of national traditional sports includes concept variable, organization variable and state variable, which are the cultural space depend basis. All the three are interrelated and interdependent with each other. They will determine the continuation and existence of national traditional sports cultural phenomenon. Protecting national traditional sports culture must protect cultural space. Suggested protections: 1) Concept variable is the core. Adaptable enrichment and development should be implemented under the circumstance of keeping traditional core conception. 2) Organizational variable is in the middle level. It is necessary to construct and return the ethnic groups to the mainstream status and mainstream groups, meanwhile, keep the family’s ethnic heritage and tradition, protect the traditional, ethnic and original nature of physical activity patterns and activities, remain excellent national culture and traditional culture scientifically, and improve local agricultural economic level and maintain agricultural production. 3) Physical state variable is in overt level. It requires protecting the original and primitive nature of the contents and form, and protecting natural environment, ethnic, traditional architectural style and material media.
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