闫静,仇军.我国民族传统体育文化变迁动力的理想类型探究[J].北京体育大学学报,2015,38(8):7-12.
我国民族传统体育文化变迁动力的理想类型探究
Ideal Mode of National Traditional Sports Culture Evolution Dynamic in China
投稿时间:2014-11-25  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2015.08.002
中文关键词:  关键词:民族传统体育文化  变迁动力  历史分期  结构与行动  文化坠距
英文关键词:Keywords: national traditional sports culture  evolution dynamic  historical periodization  structure and action  cultural-lag
基金项目:基金项目:国家社会科学基金课题(12BTY051)。
作者单位
闫静 吉林体育学院吉林 长春 130022清华大学体育部北京100084 
仇军 清华大学体育部北京 100084 
摘要点击次数: 2521
全文下载次数: 9
中文摘要:
      摘要:通过文献资料法,以我国民族传统体育文化为研究对象,运用社会学的“结构—行动”理论,基于现实经验对我国民族传统体育文化变迁动力类型进行探究。研究结果:1)我国民族传统体育文化发展的历史分期可分为平缓期(新文化运动之前),剧变期(20世纪上半叶的新文化运动)及转型期(20世纪80年代中后期-至今)三个阶段;2)我国传统体育文化作为一个结构的存在,包括物质、观念、组织、行为和制度五大要素,并且这五大要素不是孤立的,而是作为一个系统存在的,除了相互影响、相互关联以外,还相互牵制,除了具有结构整体的惯性以外还有结构变迁的可重构性;3)结构要素的断裂、变异与突现形成了“内驱力”,社会结构变迁与政治和社会力量干预及外来文化的融入形成了“外引力”,人的主体的适应性与反思性实践产生了“承动力”。在这三力的综合作用下,我国民族传统体育文化得以随着时代的前行而演进与变迁。研究结论:民族传统体育文化的结构特征、其自我维持的力量和变迁动力机制具有复杂性,只有把握其变迁的规律,才能对其在发展中出现的问题进行反思和采取有效的行动。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: Based on realistic experience, this paper used the structure-action theory to explore ideal mode of national traditional sports culture evolution dynamic in China by the method of literature review. Results:1) The history of China national traditional sports culture can be divided to three periods, namely steady period (before the New Culture Movement), upheaval period (the period of New Culture Movement), and transformation period (from the end of 1980’s to present). 2) As an existing structure, China national traditional sports culture includes five basic elements which are material, concept, organization, behavior and system. The five elements are not isolated but a system; they are affected by each other. They have structure “inertia” and reconfigurability. 3) Rupture, variation and emergence of these five elements formed “internal drive”. Social structural change, political and social intervention, and the integration of alien culture formed “external gravitational drive”. Man’s adaptive practice and reflective practice formed “bearing dynamical force”. China national traditional sports culture can be inherited and developed with the times’ passing under the comprehensive effect of these three forces. Conclusions: Structural characteristics,?self-sustaining force and changing dynamic mechanism of China national traditional sports Culture are?complicated. Only master its changing law, we can reflect and take effective?actions to the existed problems in its development.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器