李期耀.论中国高等体育师范教育的起源[J].北京体育大学学报,2015,38(3):93-99.
论中国高等体育师范教育的起源
Origin of China Higher Normal Physical Education
投稿时间:2015-01-07  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:高等体育师范教育  体育思想  体育史  学校体育课程改革
英文关键词:Key words: higher normal physical education  physical education ideology  history of sports  school physical education course reform
基金项目:
作者单位
李期耀 山东大学, 山东 济南 250100 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:以体育教育为视角,采用历史文献分析法,从办学思想、招生情况、课程设计、教学实践、成果等方面对起源于中华民国初期的高等体育师范教育进行研究。研究认为:中华民国初期的高等体育师范教育在办学思想上受到自然主义体育思想、军国民思想、国粹主义的深刻影响,课程设计注重体育原理和体育项目的平衡,除了培养师资的目的外,兼有健康体育和塑造国民的愿景,提高了中国体育和体育教育的水平,创造了现代中国体育史上的诸多辉煌,更多毕业生成为各级学校体育教师,对中国体育事业影响至今。研究结果在指导思想、区域特色、课程设计、师资培养与聘任等方面为处于全球化浪潮且肩负中华民族伟大复兴重任的当前学校体育课程改革提供了丰富的历史借鉴与指引。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: From the perspective of physical education, this paper analyzed origin of higher physical normal education in early Republic of China in the aspects of education philosophy, enrollment situation, course design, teaching practice, and achievements by the methods of historical literature analysis. The results showed that the origin of higher physical normal education major opened by Peking Normal College and Nanking Normal College were deep influenced by naturalism, militarism and Guo Cui-ism in education philosophy. Their course design showed that the balance between sports theory and sports events had been deal with carefully. The major hoped spread health sports ideas and national shaping besides cultivate sports teachers. It had improved competition level of China sports and physical education, and many students had joined the Far Eastern Championships Games and won many champions. More importantly, most of graduates became all levels of school physical education teachers and had a profound influence on Chinese sports. This study provided rich historical references and guide in ideology, local characteristic, course design, teacher training and employment aspects for present China school physical education course reform which is in the tide of globalization and responsible for the great reviving of the Chinese nationality.
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