唐玉成,曾小松.中超和欧洲五大联赛本国球员和外籍球员的身体形态特征比较研究[J].北京体育大学学报,2015,38(2):139-144.
中超和欧洲五大联赛本国球员和外籍球员的身体形态特征比较研究
A Comparative Study on Body Shape Feature of Domestic Players and Foreign Players Between Chinese Football Super League and European Five Football Leagues
投稿时间:2014-03-18  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2015.02.024
中文关键词:  关键词:中超  五大联赛  外籍球员  身体形态
英文关键词:Key words: Chinese football super league  European five football leagues  foreign player  body shape
基金项目:
作者单位
唐玉成 深圳大学广东 深圳 518060 
曾小松 深圳大学广东 深圳 518060 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:运用文献资料调研和数理统计等方法,对中超和五大联赛本国球员和外籍球员的年龄、身高、体重和克托莱指数进行比较分析。结论:在各国联赛球员中,中超本国球员的平均体重和克托莱指数排名末尾,身体对抗方面存在一定劣势。中超注重引入具有明显身体形态优势的外籍球员,但其年龄明显过高。各国联赛均倾向于选择体重和克托莱指数较大的外籍球员,表明体重和克托莱指数对联赛成绩存在一定影响。中超外籍球员比例过低,且各位置球员引进比例不合理,不利于各位置球员的均衡发展。建议中超参考五大联赛外籍球员的年龄和身体形态数据,根据自身实际情况,调整引进球员的标准、比例和结构;同时改进体能训练方式,解决本国球员体重和克托莱指数偏低的问题。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: This paper made a comparative study on age, height, weight, and Quetelet index of domestic players and foreign players between Chinese football super league and European five football leagues by the methods of literature review and mathematical statistics. The conclusions are as follows. In these leagues, the average weight and Quetelet index of domestic players in Chinese league ranked the last, there are some disadvantages in terms of physical confrontation. Chinese league paid much attention to bring in foreign players with larger weight and Quetelet index, but at a senior age. All leagues had inclined to bring in foreign players with larger weight and Quetelet index, which indicated that larger weight and Quetelet index have a certain impact on team performance. The ratio of foreign players in Chinese league is much less than the five European leagues’, and the proportion of each position’ foreign players is not reasonable for the balanced development of each position’s players. It suggested that Chinese league should consider the average age and body shape data of European leagues, adjust standard, proportions and structure of foreign player according to our own actual situation, and improve strength training method to solve the low weight and Quetelet index question of Chinese players.
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