孔庆波,戴晓敏,王海林.少数民族体育的多元本相与发展变迁[J].北京体育大学学报,2015,38(2):33-37.
少数民族体育的多元本相与发展变迁
Multivariate Truth and Development History of Minority Sports
投稿时间:2014-03-27  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2015.02.006
中文关键词:  关键词:少数民族体育  多元本相  发展变迁  宗教  种族繁衍  生活方式  习俗
英文关键词:Key words: minority sports  multivariate truth  development history  religion  race reproduction  lifestyle  custom
基金项目:基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目:“我国少数民族村寨发展变迁中传统体育保护与传承机制研究”(项目编号:13BTY021)。
作者单位
孔庆波 重庆文理学院体育学院重庆 402160 
戴晓敏 重庆文理学院体育学院重庆 402160 
王海林 重庆文理学院体育学院重庆 402160 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:少数民族体育是族人认知水平与自然和谐共处相呼应的一种历史文化形态,而族人生理需要与社会需要作为少数民族体育形成的根本动因在逐渐改变的过程中致使少数民族体育的本相也在不断发生着变化。为进一步理清少数民族体育的起源与发展问题,运用文献资料、例证分析等研究方法,在阐述远古时期少数民族体育多元化本相的基础上,对其发展变迁进行了剖析。研究认为:少数民族体育拥有种族繁衍、宗教信仰、族争训练、生活方式等多元化的本相,而随着经济高速发展与人类生活水平的不断提高,少数民族体育的本相也发生了巨大变迁,呈现出向商业利益、休闲娱乐、文化习俗和正规竞技发展的多样化趋势。对研究少数民族体育提供了参考。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: Minority sports is a kind of historical cultural form which meaning minority populations’ cognitive level with nature. Its truth has been changed because minority’s physiologic demands and social demands which are the origins of minority sports. This study described the multivariate truth of ancient minority sports and analyzed its development history for classifying its origin and development, by the methods of literature review and examples analysis. The results showed that minority sports has multivariate truth of race reproduction, religious belief, war training and lifestyle. With the economic development and people’s living standard improvement, truth of minority sports has been changed to a tendency of diversification, including commercial interests, recreation and entertainment, cultural custom, formal competitive sports. These results provided references for minority sports research.
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